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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 34, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2078–2080

Large enhancement of light-extraction efficiency from optically pumped, nanorod light-emitting diodes

Mei-Ling Kuo, Ya-Ju Lee, Thomas C. Shen, and Shawn-Yu Lin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 13, pp. 2078-2080 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.002078


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Abstract

We report a threefold enhancement of light-emission intensity at λ = 460 nm and a 16-fold extraction-efficiency enhancement measured from a 2D array of nanorod LEDs. The nano-LEDs are randomly arranged and have a typical rod diameter of 100 250 nm . From a combination of photoluminescence, reflectance, and excitation power-dependence measurements, we show that the enhanced emission is due mainly to modification of the extraction efficiency, and not to that of the internal efficiency. Furthermore, we show that the extraction enhancement originates from the randomness of the 2D array that scatters light efficiently into the air and the smallness of the nanorods that eliminates the guiding modes that trap light.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.0250) Integrated optics : Optoelectronics
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: April 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 1, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 8, 2009
Published: June 30, 2009

Citation
Mei-Ling Kuo, Ya-Ju Lee, Thomas C. Shen, and Shawn-Yu Lin, "Large enhancement of light-extraction efficiency from optically pumped, nanorod light-emitting diodes," Opt. Lett. 34, 2078-2080 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-13-2078


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