OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 34, Iss. 23 — Dec. 1, 2009
  • pp: 3707–3709

Ultra-low-noise microwave extraction from fiber-based optical frequency comb

J. Millo, R. Boudot, M. Lours, P. Y. Bourgeois, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, Y. Kersalé, and G. Santarelli  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 23, pp. 3707-3709 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (267 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this Letter we report on an all-optical-fiber approach to the generation of ultra-low-noise microwave signals. We make use of two erbium fiber mode-locked lasers phase locked to a common ultrastable laser source to generate an 11.55 GHz signal with an unprecedented relative phase noise of 111 dBc Hz at 1 Hz from the carrier. The residual frequency instability of the microwave signals derived from the two optical frequency combs is below 2.3 × 10 16 at 1 s and about 4 × 10 19 at 6.5 × 10 4 s (in 5 Hz bandwidth, three days of continuous operation).

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: August 13, 2009
Revised Manuscript: October 10, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: October 19, 2009
Published: November 24, 2009

J. Millo, R. Boudot, M. Lours, P. Y. Bourgeois, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, Y. Kersalé, and G. Santarelli, "Ultra-low-noise microwave extraction from fiber-based optical frequency comb," Opt. Lett. 34, 3707-3709 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 2, 733 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. J. G. Hartnett, C. R. Locke, E. N. Ivanov, M. E. Tobar, and P. L. Stanwix, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 203513 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. A. D. Ludlow, X. Huang, M. Notcutt, T. Zanon-Willette, S. M. Foreman, M. M. Boyd, S. Blatt, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 32, 641 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Millo, D. V. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. S. A. Diddams, J. Ye and L. Hollberg, in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb Technology, J.Ye and S.T.Cundiff, eds. (Springer, 2005).
  7. J. J. McFerran, E. N. Ivanov, A. Bartels, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, Electron. Lett. 41, 650 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, J. C. Bergquist, W. H. Oskay, and L. Hollberg, Opt. Lett. 30, 667 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1068 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. N. Ivanov, J. J. McFerran, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 736 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, U. Sterr, C. Tamm, S. Weyers, and H. Schnatz, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 58, 1258 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, Phys. Rev. A 79, 031803(R) (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Millo, M. Abgrall, M. Lours, E. M. L. English, H. Jiang, J. Guéna, A. Clairon, S. Bize, Y. Le Coq, and G. Santarelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 141105 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, Ch. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2029 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 35 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, Ch. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 1573 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, K. Kim, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 139 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 27 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited