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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 34, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 2009
  • pp: 473–475

Neodymium-complex-doped photodefined polymer channel waveguide amplifiers

Jing Yang, Mart B.J. Diemeer, Dimitri Geskus, Gabriël Sengo, Markus Pollnau, and Alfred Driessen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 4, pp. 473-475 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.000473


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Abstract

Channel waveguides based on a polymer, 6-fluorinated-dianhydride/epoxy, which is actively doped with a Nd complex, Nd ( thenoyltrifluoroacetone ) 3 1,10-phenanthroline, are fabricated by a simple and reproducible procedure, spin coating a photodefinable cladding polymer onto a thermally oxidized silicon wafer, photopatterning, backfilling with the active core polymer, and spin coating with an upper cladding layer. Photoluminescence at 1060 nm from the Nd 3 + ions with a lifetime of 130 μ s is observed. Optical gain at 1060 nm is demonstrated in channel waveguides with different Nd 3 + concentrations. By accounting for the waveguide loss of 0.1 dB cm , an internal net gain of 8 dB is demonstrated for a 5.6 - cm -long channel waveguide amplifier. Owing to the nature of the Nd 3 + complex, energy-transfer upconversion affects the gain only at Nd 3 + concentrations above 1 × 10 20 cm 3 .

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled
(230.4480) Optical devices : Optical amplifiers
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 30, 2008
Revised Manuscript: December 16, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: December 23, 2008
Published: February 10, 2009

Citation
Jing Yang, Mart B. J. Diemeer, Dimitri Geskus, Gabriël Sengo, Markus Pollnau, and Alfred Driessen, "Neodymium-complex-doped photodefined polymer channel waveguide amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 34, 473-475 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-4-473


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