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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 34, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2009
  • pp: 728–730

Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coatings optimized by genetic algorithm

David J. Poxson, Martin F. Schubert, Frank W. Mont, E. F. Schubert, and Jong Kyu Kim  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 6, pp. 728-730 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.000728


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Abstract

An optimized graded-refractive-index (GRIN) antireflection (AR) coating with broadband and omnidirectional characteristics—as desired for solar cell applications—designed by a genetic algorithm is presented. The optimized three-layer GRIN AR coating consists of a dense Ti O 2 and two nanoporous Si O 2 layers fabricated using oblique-angle deposition. The normal incidence reflectance of the three-layer GRIN AR coating averaged between 400 and 700 nm is 3.9%, which is 37% lower than that of a conventional single-layer Si 3 N 4 coating. Furthermore, measured reflection over the 410 740 nm range and wide incident angles 40°–80° is reduced by 73% in comparison with the single-layer Si 3 N 4 coating, clearly showing enhanced omnidirectionality and broadband characteristics of the optimized three-layer GRIN AR coating.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(310.1210) Thin films : Antireflection coatings
(310.4165) Thin films : Multilayer design
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Thin Films

History
Original Manuscript: December 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 14, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 26, 2009
Published: March 5, 2009

Citation
David J. Poxson, Martin F. Schubert, Frank W. Mont, E. F. Schubert, and Jong Kyu Kim, "Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coatings optimized by genetic algorithm," Opt. Lett. 34, 728-730 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-6-728


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References

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