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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 2010
  • pp: 1938–1940

Optimization of the splice loss between photonic-bandgap fibers and conventional single-mode fibers

Kiarash Zamani Aghaie, Michel J. F. Digonnet, and Shanhui Fan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 12, pp. 1938-1940 (2010)

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To understand the loss limitations of a splice between a hollow-core fiber and a conventional fiber, we use a numerical model to calculate the expected coupling loss between the NKT Photonics’ HC-1550-02 fiber and a single-mode fiber (SMF) of arbitrary step-index profile. When the SMF parameters are optimized, the splice loss is predicted to be as low as ~0.6 dB. This minimum is believed to be largely due to mode-shape mismatch. These predictions are confirmed experimentally by optimizing the splice loss between this photonic-bandgap fiber and five SMFs with different mode-field diameters (MFDs) and V numbers. With the SMF-28 fiber, the measured loss is 1.3 dB , in excellent agreement with theory. Using a SMF with parameters close to the optimum values ( MFD = 7.2 μm and V = 2.16 ), this loss was reduced to a new record value of 0.79 dB .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: February 12, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 23, 2010
Published: June 2, 2010

Kiarash Zamani Aghaie, Michel J. F. Digonnet, and Shanhui Fan, "Optimization of the splice loss between photonic-bandgap fibers and conventional single-mode fibers," Opt. Lett. 35, 1938-1940 (2010)

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