OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2010
  • pp: 3228–3230

Low-loss chalcogenide waveguides on lithium niobate for the mid-infrared

Xin Xia, Qi Chen, Candice Tsay, Craig B. Arnold, and Christi K. Madsen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 19, pp. 3228-3230 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (257 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate low-loss chalcogenide ( As 2 S 3 ) waveguides on a LiNbO 3 substrate for the mid-IR wavelength ( 4.8 μm ). Designed for single-mode propagation, they are fabricated through photolithography and dry-etching technology and characterized on a mid-IR measurement setup with a quantum cascade laser. For straight waveguides, propagation loss as low as 0.33 dB / cm is measured and low-loss bends on the order of 100 μm are simulated, with measurement results showing < 3 dB for a 250 μm bend radius. The coupling efficiency is estimated to be 81%. In addition, the influences of variations in width and bend radius are also investigated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3060) Integrated optics : Infrared
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: June 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 19, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 19, 2010
Published: September 23, 2010

Xin Xia, Qi Chen, Candice Tsay, Craig B. Arnold, and Christi K. Madsen, "Low-loss chalcogenide waveguides on lithium niobate for the mid-infrared," Opt. Lett. 35, 3228-3230 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. C. M. Jean-Francois Viens, A. Villeneuve, T. V. Galstian, E. J. Knystautas, M. A. Duguay, K. A. Richardson, and T. Cardinal, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1184 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. W. S. Rodney, I. H. Malitson, and T. A. King, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 633 (1958). [CrossRef]
  4. V. Ta’eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Express 15, 9205(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Express 12, 5140 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. C. Tan, M. E. Solmaz, J. Gardner, R. Atkins, and C. Madsen, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 033524 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Hu, V. Tarasov, N. Carlie, N.-N. Feng, L. Petit, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, and L. Kimerling, Opt. Express 15, 11798(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. G. Lian, W. Pan, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, A. B. Seddon, T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, and T. Wagner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1234 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. R. Deng and M. Osinski, in 2006 NNIN REU Research Accomplishments (NNIN, 2006), p. 100.
  10. N. Ho, M. C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P. J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B. J. Riley, T. L. Myers, and J. N. C. Anheier, Opt. Lett. 31, 1860 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Tsay, E. Mujagic, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–2.
  12. J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Compt. Rend. Chim. 5, 873 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflugl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Hofler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, Opt. Express 15, 13227 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited