OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 2010
  • pp: 580–582

Optical probing of electric fields with an electro-acoustic effect toward integrated circuit diagnosis

Ru-Long Jin, Han Yang, Di Zhao, Qi-Dai Chen, Zhao-Xu Yan, Mao-Bin Yi, and Hong-Bo Sun  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 4, pp. 580-582 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (389 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Electro-optic probing of electric fields has been considered as a promising approach for integrated circuit diagnosis. However, the method is subject to relatively weak voltage sensitivity. In this Letter, we solve the problems with electro-acoustic effect. In contrast to the general electro-optic effect, the light phase modulation induced by the acoustic effect is 2 orders of magnitude stronger at its resonant frequency, as we observed in a GaAs thin film probe. Furthermore, this what we believe to be a novel method shows a highly reproducible linearity between the detected signals and the input voltages, which facilitates the voltage calibration.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.1040) Optical devices : Acousto-optical devices
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: October 26, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 29, 2009
Published: February 11, 2010

Ru-Long Jin, Han Yang, Di Zhao, Qi-Dai Chen, Zhao-Xu Yan, Mao-Bin Yi, and Hong-Bo Sun, "Optical probing of electric fields with an electro-acoustic effect toward integrated circuit diagnosis," Opt. Lett. 35, 580-582 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Shinagawa and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 41, 375 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, and T. F. Heinz, Opt. Lett. 25, 426 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Nagatsuma, T. Shibata, E. Sano, and A. Iwata, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4001 (1989). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Cao, T. F. Heinz, and A. Nahata, Opt. Lett. 27, 775 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Mitrofanov, A. Gasparyan, L. N. Pfeiffer, and K. W. West, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 202103 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. H. Zhu, C. L. Pan, Y. H. Lo, M. C. Wu, S. Wang, B. H. Kolner, and S. Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1228 (1987). [CrossRef]
  7. G. L. Eesley, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 6078 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Seitz, M. Bieler, G. Hein, K. Pierz, and U. Siegner, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113124 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. Z. H. Zhu, M. C. Wu, Y. H. Lo, C. L. Pan, S. Y. Wang, and S. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 419 (1988). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Berden, S. P. Jamison, A. M. Macleod, W. A. Gillespie, B. Redlich, and A. F. G. van der Meer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 114802 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. C. Liu, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 187 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, X. Mu, X. Yin, and C. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3749 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. H. J. Winkelhahn, H. H. Winter, and D. Neher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1347 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. H. B. Zhang, R. Wang, K. X. Chen, H. Yang, D. M. Zhang, and M. B. Yi, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 283 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. H. F. Liu, M. B. Yi, H. B. Zhang, A. L. Hou, X. H. Chuai, and D. M. Zhang, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 410 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, M. Aillerie, and M. D. Fontana, Appl. Opt. 42, 2346 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. The quadratic dependence of the signal intensity on the field strength and the doubled frequency have been observed in a hybrid sol-gel film of the dispersed red one in silica, on which a deep study will be conducted.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited