OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 35, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 859–861

Polarized single-lobed surface emission in mid-infrared, photonic-crystal, quantum-cascade lasers

Gangyi Xu, Yannick Chassagneux, Raffaele Colombelli, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 6, pp. 859-861 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.35.000859


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (479 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report single-mode, surface-emitting, mid-IR, photonic-crystal (PhC), quantum-cascade lasers with linearly polarized and highly directional single-lobed emission. A metallic square-lattice photonic crystal with elliptical air holes and π phase shift was used as the resonator. The 2D feedback coupling—necessary for the operation of the photonic-crystal resonator—is induced by the mismatch between the modes supported by metalized and nonmetalized regions and yields single-mode output with a side-mode suppression ratio > 30 dB . The elliptical air holes modify the relative intensities of the TM field components ( H x and H y ) in the PhC plane, thus yielding linearly polarized emission. The π phase shift allows the system to produce a single-lobed pattern in the far field with a narrow divergence angle ( 2.4 ° × 1.8 ° ) . The emission is perfectly orthogonal to the device surface, and the maximum operating temperature—still limited by the metallic ohmic losses—is 240 K .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals
(140.5965) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade
(140.7270) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 3, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 27, 2010
Published: March 15, 2010

Citation
Gangyi Xu, Yannick Chassagneux, Raffaele Colombelli, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, "Polarized single-lobed surface emission in mid-infrared, photonic-crystal, quantum-cascade lasers," Opt. Lett. 35, 859-861 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35-6-859


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Hofstetter, J. Faist, M. Beck, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3769 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Mujagic, C. Deutsch, H. Detz, P. Klang, M. Nobile, A. M. Andrems, W. Schrenk, K. Unterrainer, and G. Strasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011120 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, H. Beere, D. Ritchie, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Nature 457, 174174-178 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Xu, V. Moreau, Y. Chassagneux, A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 221101 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 316 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Noda, M. Yokoyama, M. Imada, A. Chutinan, and M. Mochizuki, Science 293, 1123 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Witjaksono and D. Botez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 4088 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. E. Miyai and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111113 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031104 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Bahriz, V. Moreau, J. Palomo, R. Colombelli, D. A. Austin, J. W. Cockburn, L. R. Wilson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 181103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Bousseksou, V. Moreau, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, O. Mauguin, L. Largeau, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, Electron. Lett. 44, 807 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Farjadpour, D. Roundy, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. P. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and G. Burr, Opt. Lett. 31, 2972 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 850 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Chassagneux, R. Colombelli, W. Maineult, S. Barbieri, S. P. Khanna, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, Opt. Express 17, 9491 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited