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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

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  • Vol. 36, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 3257–3259

Degenerate band edges in optical fiber with multiple grating: efficient coupling to slow light

Nadav Gutman, Lindsay C. Botten, Andrey A. Sukhorukov, and C. Martijn de Sterke  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 16, pp. 3257-3259 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.36.003257


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Abstract

Degenerate band edges (DBEs) of a photonic bandgap have the form ( ω ω D ) k 2 m for integers m > 1 , with ω D the frequency at the band edge. We show theoretically that DBEs lead to efficient coupling into slow-light modes without a transition region, and that the field strength in the slow mode can far exceed that in the incoming medium. A method is proposed to create a DBE of arbitrary order m by coupling m optical modes with multiple superimposed gratings. The enhanced coupling near a DBE occurs because of the presence of one or more evanescent modes, which are absent at conventional quadratic band edges. We furthermore show that the coupling can be increased or suppressed by varying the number of excited evanescent waves.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: June 10, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 8, 2011
Published: August 15, 2011

Citation
Nadav Gutman, Lindsay C. Botten, Andrey A. Sukhorukov, and C. Martijn de Sterke, "Degenerate band edges in optical fiber with multiple grating: efficient coupling to slow light," Opt. Lett. 36, 3257-3259 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-36-16-3257

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