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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 36, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 2011
  • pp: 505–507

Spectral and temporal changes of optical pulses propagating through time-varying linear media

Yuzhe Xiao, Govind P. Agrawal, and Drew N. Maywar  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 4, pp. 505-507 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.36.000505


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Abstract

We present universal formulas for the spectral and temporal output optical fields from a linear traveling-wave medium whose refractive index changes during its propagation within the medium. These formulas agree with known changes in central wavelength and energy that are associated with adiabatic wavelength conversion (AWC). Moreover, they reveal new changes to the optical pulses that have not been noticed, such as pulse compression and spectral broadening. Most significantly, we find that AWC alters the pulse power, pulse chirp, and pulse delay. All of these effects depend on whether the central wavelength is blueshifted or redshifted, the first sign of asymmetry to be reported for AWC. These findings impact the applications of AWC to optical signal processing in microphotonic and nanophotonic structures as well as in lightwave systems.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(130.7405) Integrated optics : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 4, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 7, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 11, 2011
Published: February 8, 2011

Citation
Yuzhe Xiao, Govind P. Agrawal, and Drew N. Maywar, "Spectral and temporal changes of optical pulses propagating through time-varying linear media," Opt. Lett. 36, 505-507 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-36-4-505


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