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Optics Letters


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2011
  • pp: 793–795

Dark solitons in mode-locked lasers

Mark J. Ablowitz, Theodoros P. Horikis, Sean D. Nixon, and Dimitri J. Frantzeskakis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 6, pp. 793-795 (2011)

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Dark soliton formation in mode-locked lasers is investigated by means of a power–energy saturation model that incorporates gain and filtering saturated with energy, and loss saturated with power. It is found that general initial conditions evolve (mode-lock) into dark solitons under appropriate requirements also met in experimental observations. The resulting pulses are essentially dark solitons of the unperturbed nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Notably, the same framework also describes bright pulses in anomalous and normally dispersive lasers.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: December 7, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 25, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2011
Published: March 7, 2011

Mark J. Ablowitz, Theodoros P. Horikis, Sean D. Nixon, and Dimitri J. Frantzeskakis, "Dark solitons in mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 36, 793-795 (2011)

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