OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 8 — Apr. 15, 2011
  • pp: 1392–1394

Enhanced transduction of photonic crystal dye lasers for gas sensing via swelling polymer film

Cameron L. C. Smith, Johan U. Lind, Claus H. Nielsen, Mads B. Christiansen, Thomas Buss, Niels B. Larsen, and Anders Kristensen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 8, pp. 1392-1394 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (355 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the enhanced transduction of a photonic crystal dye laser for gas sensing via deposition of an additional swelling polymer film. Device operation involves swelling of the polymer film during exposure to specific gases, leading to a change in total effective refractive index. Experimental results show an enhancement of 16.09 dB in sensing ethanol vapor after deposition of a polystyrene film. We verify different responses of the polystyrene film when exposed to either ethanol vapor or increased humidity, indicating selectivity. The concept is generic and, in principle, straightforward in its application to other intracavity-based detection schemes to enable gas sensing.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: December 1, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 10, 2011
Published: April 12, 2011

Cameron L. C. Smith, Johan U. Lind, Claus H. Nielsen, Mads B. Christiansen, Thomas Buss, Niels B. Larsen, and Anders Kristensen, "Enhanced transduction of photonic crystal dye lasers for gas sensing via swelling polymer film," Opt. Lett. 36, 1392-1394 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. L. Hoo, W. Jin, C. Z. Shi, H. L. Ho, D. N. Wang, and S. C. Ruan, Appl. Opt. 42, 3509 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Sünner, T. Stichel, S. H. Kwon, T. W. Schlereth, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261112 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. A. C. Arsenault, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, G. A. Ozin, A. Mihi, and H. Miguez, J. Mater. Chem. 15, 133 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Colodrero, M. Ocana, A. R. Gonzalez-Elipe, and H. Miguez, Langmuir 24, 9135 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Di Falco, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 063503 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Erickson, T. Rockwood, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Lett. 31, 59 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Reboud, P. Lovera, N. Kehagias, M. Zelsmann, C. Schuster, F. Reuther, G. Gruetzner, G. Redmond, and C. M. S. Torres, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151101 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223503 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. Commercially available from micro resist technology GmbH, Berlin, Germany, www.microresist.de.
  10. Pyrromethene 597, CAS no. 137829-79-9, acquired from Exciton Inc., www.exciton.com.
  11. X. Cheng and L. J. Guo, Microelectron. Eng. 71, 227 (2004).
  12. M. B. Christiansen, A. Kristensen, S. S. Xiao, and N. A. Mortensen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 231101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. M. B. Christiansen, T. Buß, C. L. C. Smith, S. R. Petersen, M. M. Jørgensen, and A. Kristensen, J. Micromech. Microeng. 20, 115025 (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Ademovic, J. Wei, B. Winther-Jensen, X. L. Hou, and P. Kingshott, Plasma Process. Polym. 2, 53 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 8, 173 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Grossmann, S. Schleede, M. Hauser, M. B. Christiansen, C. Vannahme, C. Eschenbaum, S. Klinkhammer, T. Beck, J. Fuchs, G. U. Nienhaus, U. Lemmer, A. Kristensen, T. Mappes, and H. Kalt, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 063304 (2010). [CrossRef]
  17. M. K. Baller, H. P. Lang, J. Fritz, C. Gerber, J. K. Gimzewski, U. Drechsler, H. Rothuizen, M. Despont, P. Vettiger, F. M. Battiston, J. P. Ramseyer, P. Fornaro, E. Meyer, and H. J. Guntherodt, Ultramicroscopy 82, 1 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, Opt. Lett. 27, 1220 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Y. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Express 14, 10494 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited