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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 37, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 2012
  • pp: 2172–2174

Wave-breaking-extended fiber supercontinuum generation for high compression ratio transform-limited pulse compression

Yuan Liu, Haohua Tu, and Stephen A. Boppart  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 12, pp. 2172-2174 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.37.002172


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Abstract

Wave-breaking often occurs when a short intense optical pulse propagates in a long normally dispersive optical fiber. This effect has conventionally been avoided in fiber (super-)continuum-based pulse compression because the accumulated frequency chirp of the output pulse cannot be fully compensated by a standard prism (or grating) pair. Thus, the spectral extending capability of the wave-breaking has not been utilized to shorten the compressed pulse. We demonstrate that wave-breaking-free operation is not necessary if a 4f pulse shaper-based compressor is employed to remove both the linear and nonlinear chirp of the output pulse. By propagating a 180 fs (FWHM) input pulse in a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber beyond the wave-breaking limit, we compress the wave-breaking-extended supercontinuum output pulse to the bandwidth-limited duration of 6.4 fs (FWHM). The combination of high compression ratio (28×) and short pulse width represents a significant improvement over that attained in the wave-breaking-free regime.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 13, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 10, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 11, 2012
Published: June 4, 2012

Citation
Yuan Liu, Haohua Tu, and Stephen A. Boppart, "Wave-breaking-extended fiber supercontinuum generation for high compression ratio transform-limited pulse compression," Opt. Lett. 37, 2172-2174 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-37-12-2172


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