We report pulse trapping in passively mode-locked fiber lasers operating in a near-zero dispersion regime. Two polarization components of vector pulses have different central wavelengths while copropagating as a unit in fiber lasers. The vector pulses exhibit smooth Gaussian spectral profile without any sidebands, qualitatively distinct from those observed in net-anomalous and net-normal fiber lasers. Numerical simulations suggest that the pulse trapping depends not only on fiber birefringence and cavity dispersion but also on saturable absorption effect. The experimental observations are in good agreement with the numerical simulations.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
Lasers and Laser Optics
Original Manuscript: April 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 13, 2012
Published: June 25, 2012
Dong Mao, Xueming Liu, and Hua Lu, "Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime," Opt. Lett. 37, 2619-2621 (2012)