OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 37, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2012
  • pp: 2787–2789

Scattering forces and electromagnetic momentum density in crossed circularly polarized standing waves

Manuel I. Marqués and Juan José Saénz  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 14, pp. 2787-2789 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (569 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We analyze the forces on a small dipolar particle and the electromagnetic momentum density in a configuration consisting in two perpendicular circularly polarized stationary waves. The field distribution shows regions in which the electric and magnetic fields are parallel corresponding to a null Poynting vector. Although the average value of the momentum density, proportional to the Poynting vector, is zero in these regions, there are scattering forces acting on small particles due to light’s spin force. The total scattering force suggests a new definition of the average value of the momentum density for free propagating electromagnetic fields.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 1, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 20, 2012
Published: July 3, 2012

Manuel I. Marqués and Juan José Saénz, "Scattering forces and electromagnetic momentum density in crossed circularly polarized standing waves," Opt. Lett. 37, 2787-2789 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. K. C. Neuman, and S. M. Block, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2787 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Gómez-Medina, and J. J. Sáenz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243602 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Dholakia and P. Zemánek, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1767 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Chen, J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, Nat. Photonics 5, 531 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. J. J. Sáenz, Nat. Photonics 5, 514 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Novitsky, C.-W. Qiu, and H. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203601 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sukhov and A. Dogariu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203602 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Salandrino and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 36, 3103 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).
  14. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 362, 719 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. V. Wong and M. Ratner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 075416 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Albaladejo, M. I. Marqués, M. Laroche, and J. J. Sáenz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 113602 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, R. Gómez-Medina, and L. Chantada, Opt. Express 18, 11428 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. I. Iglesias and J. J. Sáenz, Opt. Commun. 284, 2430 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. I. Iglesias and J. J. Sáenz, Opt. Express 20, 2832 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. Q. Zhan, Opt. Express 20, 6058 (2012). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Bekshaev, K. Y. Bliokh, and M. Soskin, J. Opt. 13, 053001 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1492 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Albaladejo, M. I. Marqués, F. Scheffold, and J. J. Sáenz, Nano Lett. 9, 3527 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. I. Zapata, S. Albaladejo, J. M. R. Parrondo, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Sols, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 130601 (2009). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Albaladejo, M. I. Marqués, and J. J. Sáenz, Opt. Express 19, 11471 (2011). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited