OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 37, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 2012
  • pp: 710–712

In situ investigation of the shrinkage of photopolymerized micro/nanostructures: the effect of the drying process

Quan Sun, Kosei Ueno, and Hiroaki Misawa  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 4, pp. 710-712 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (699 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on experimental study of the shrinkage of photopolymerized micro/nanostructures fabricated by femtosecond direct laser writing in organic-inorganic resists. Blueshift of the stop-band positions of fabricated photonic crystals during the drying process, which follows the development and rinsing stages, indicates that the drying process plays an important role in the formation of the shrinkage. It is further confirmed that the shrinkage almost completely occurs during the drying process by in situ optical monitoring the structures. These findings will help to better understand, control, and even positively utilize the shrinkage in the applications of the photopolymerization-based direct laser writing technique.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(050.6875) Diffraction and gratings : Three-dimensional fabrication

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 7, 2012
Published: February 14, 2012

Quan Sun, Kosei Ueno, and Hiroaki Misawa, "In situ investigation of the shrinkage of photopolymerized micro/nanostructures: the effect of the drying process," Opt. Lett. 37, 710-712 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. K. Seet, V. Mizeikis, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, and H. Misawa, Adv. Mater. 17, 541 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. B. H. Jia, D. Buso, J. van Embden, J. F. Li, and M. Gu, Adv. Mater. 22, 2463 (2010). [CrossRef]
  3. D. C. Meisel, M. Diem, M. Deubel, F. Perez-Willard, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, Adv. Mater. 18, 2964 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. I. Staude, M. Thiel, S. Essig, C. Wolff, K. Busch, G. von Freymann, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 35, 1094 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 325, 1513 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. M. S. Rill, C. E. Kriegler, M. Thiel, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Opt. Lett. 34, 19 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Wu, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, Y. L. Zhang, J. Yao, X. Yao, L. G. Niu, J. N. Wang, L. Jiang, and H. B. Sun, Adv. Mater. 23, 545 (2011). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Wu, L. G. Niu, Q. D. Chen, R. Wang, and H. B. Sun, Opt. Lett. 33, 2913 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. Z. P. Liu, Y. Li, Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. F. Jiang, Y. Qin, X. B. Feng, H. Yang, and Q. H. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 211105 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Kondo, S. Matsuo, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16, 427 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. R. G. Denning, C. F. Blanford, H. Urban, H. Bharaj, D. N. Sharp, and A. J. Turberfield, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 1593 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Ovsianikov, S. Z. Xiao, M. Farsari, M. Vamvakaki, C. Fotakis, and B. N. Chichkov, Opt. Express 17, 2143(2009). [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Sun, S. Juodkazis, N. Murazawa, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, J. Micromech. Microeng. 20, 035004 (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, K. K. Seet, M. Miwa, and H. Misawa, Nanotechnology 16, 846 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Maruo, T. Hasegawa, and N. Yoshimura, Opt. Express 17, 20945 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Farsari and B. N. Chichkov, Nat. Photon. 3, 450(2009). [CrossRef]
  17. O. Toader and S. John, Science 292, 1133 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Nakanishi, S. Shoji, S. Kawata, and H. B. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 063112 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited