OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 2013
  • pp: 2873–2876

1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation based on birefringence in silicon wire waveguides

Ning Lv, Wei Zhang, Yuan Guo, Qiang Zhou, Yidong Huang, and Jiangde Peng  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 15, pp. 2873-2876 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (363 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this Letter, the 1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation is realized in a silicon wire waveguide utilizing its birefringence. In this scheme, two orthogonal polarized correlated states are generated by scalar processes of spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM) in the quasi-transverse electrical and quasi-transverse magnetic modes, respectively. Meanwhile, the vector processes of SFWM are suppressed by the group birefringence in the waveguide. The maximum polarization entangled state is generated by optimizing the pump polarization, which is demonstrated by the experiments of two-photon interference and polarization indistinguishability at one side. The fringe visibilities of two-photon interferences are 96.8±4.7% and 86.0±3.7% under two nonorthogonal polarization detection settings, respectively. This scheme provides a simple way to realize silicon integrated sources for 1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: May 21, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 3, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 3, 2013
Published: July 30, 2013

Ning Lv, Wei Zhang, Yuan Guo, Qiang Zhou, Yidong Huang, and Jiangde Peng, "1.5 μm polarization entanglement generation based on birefringence in silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Lett. 38, 2873-2876 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992). [CrossRef]
  3. D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 591 (1977). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52(1), 41 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tanzilli, H. De Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. X.-Y. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 53601 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Medic, J. B. Altepeter, M. A. Hall, M. Patel, and P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 35, 802 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 31802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, J. R. Cheng, Y. D. Huang, and J. Peng, Opt. Lett. 34, 2706 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Meyer-Scott, V. Roy, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, L. K. Shalm, and T. Jennewein, Opt. Express 21, 6205 (2013). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. M. Sua, J. Malowicki, M. Hirano, and K. F. Lee, Opt. Lett. 38, 73 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 5721 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 13, 4629 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 16, 325 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
  19. E. Brainis, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023840 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 28, 1302 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited