OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2013
  • pp: 3126–3128

Three-dimensional movable metamaterial using electric split-ring resonators

Yu-Sheng Lin, Fusheng Ma, and Chengkuo Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 16, pp. 3126-3128 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (458 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have demonstrated a three-dimensional movable metamaterial (MM) with reconfigurable electric split-ring resonators (eSRR) at terahertz frequencies. This is accomplished by making planar arrays of eSRR with movable stress curved beams (eSRR-MSCBs) which are actuated out-of-plane by electrostatic force. Our results have demonstrated that the eSRR-MSCBs possess blueshifting capabilities and polarization dependent state at terahertz frequencies, while such adaptive MMs offer significant potential in realizing electromagnetic functionality with diversified applications, such as sensors, switches, and filters.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: June 17, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2013
Published: August 13, 2013

Yu-Sheng Lin, Fusheng Ma, and Chengkuo Lee, "Three-dimensional movable metamaterial using electric split-ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 38, 3126-3128 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. J. Lezec, J. A. Dionne, and H. A. Atwater, Science 316, 430 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 455, 376 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 31, 1800 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. X. Wang, Y.-H. Ye, C. Zheng, Y. Qin, and T. J. Chi, Opt. Lett. 34, 3568 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Paul, C. Imhof, B. Lägel, S. Wolff, J. Heinrich, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, R. Zengerle, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, Opt. Express 17, 819 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. C. Jun and I. Brener, J. Opt. 14, 114013 (2012). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Kang, Q. Zhao, H. J. Zhao, and J. Zhou, Opt. Express 16, 8825 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Liu, C. Y. Huang, H. Liu, X. Zhang, and C. Lee, Opt. Express 21, 6519 (2013). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, W. Zhang, J. Sun, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, W. J. Padilla, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 147401 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. W. M. Zhu, A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, D. P. Tsai, T. Bourouina, J. H. Teng, X. H. Zhang, H. C. Guo, H. Tanoto, T. Mei, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, Adv. Mat. 23, 1792 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. W. M. Zhu, A. Q. Liu, W. Zhang, J. F. Tao, T. Bourouina, J. H. Teng, X. H. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Tanoto, H. C. Guo, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 221102 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. W. M. Zhu, A. Q. Liu, T. Bourouina, D. P. Tsai, J. H. Teng, X. H. Zhang, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Commun. 3, 1274 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. N. R. Han, Z. C. Chen, C. S. Lim, B. Ng, and M. H. Hong, Opt. Express 19, 6990 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. X. Li, L. Yang, C. Hu, X. Luo, and M. Hong, Opt. Express 19, 5283 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. Z. C. Chen, R. Mohsen, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, Adv. Mater. 24, OP143 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. N. I. Zheludev, Science 328, 582 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. C. M. Soukoulis, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, Adv. Mater. 18, 1941 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Shavezipur, W. Guo, C. Carraro, and R. Maboudian, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 21, 541 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited