OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 2013
  • pp: 3294–3297

Femtosecond-laser inscribed double-cladding waveguides in Nd:YAG crystal: a promising prototype for integrated lasers

Hongliang Liu, Feng Chen, Javier R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 17, pp. 3294-3297 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.38.003294


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (426 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report on the design and implementation of a prototype of optical waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by using femtosecond-laser irradiation. In this prototype, two concentric tubular structures with nearly circular cross sections of different diameters have been inscribed in the Nd:YAG crystals, generating double-cladding waveguides. Under 808 nm optical pumping, waveguide lasers have been realized in the double-cladding structures. Compared with single-cladding waveguides, the concentric tubular structures, benefiting from the large pump area of the outermost cladding, possess both superior laser performance and nearly single-mode beam profile in the inner cladding. Double-cladding waveguides of the same size were fabricated and coated by a thin optical film, and a maximum output power of 384 mW and a slope efficiency of 46.1% were obtained. Since the large diameters of the outer claddings are comparable with those of the optical fibers, this prototype paves a way to construct an integrated single-mode laser system with a direct fiber-waveguide configuration.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 16, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 30, 2013
Published: August 22, 2013

Citation
Hongliang Liu, Feng Chen, Javier R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque, "Femtosecond-laser inscribed double-cladding waveguides in Nd:YAG crystal: a promising prototype for integrated lasers," Opt. Lett. 38, 3294-3297 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-38-17-3294


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. Grivas, Prog. Quantum Electron. 35, 159 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Chen, Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 622 (2012). [CrossRef]
  3. W. Sohler, H. Hu, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, C. Vannahme, H. Herrmann, D. Büchter, S. Reza, W. Grundkötter, S. Orlov, H. Suche, R. Nouroozi, and Y. H. Min, Opt. Photon. News 19(1), 24 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Thomas, M. Heinrich, P. Zeil, V. Hilbert, K. Rademaker, R. Riedel, S. Ringleb, C. Dubs, J.-P. Ruske, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Phys. Status Solidi A 208, 276 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. Piper, and M. Withford, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 535 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. A 89, 127 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. G. A. Torchia, P. F. Meilan, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, C. Mendez, and L. Roso, Opt. Express 15, 13266 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 031119 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Zhang, N. Dong, J. Yang, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and Q. Lu, Opt. Express 19, 12503 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, F. Reichert, M. Fechner, A. Paschke, N. Hansen, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 36, 4620 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. C. Grivas, C. Corbari, G. Brambilla, and P. Lagoudakis, Opt. Lett. 37, 4630 (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 100, 131 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff, K. Kuan, M. Ams, and M. Withford, Opt. Lett. 36, 1587 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. D. G. Lancaster, H. Ebendorff, A. Fuerbach, M. J. Withford, and T. M. Monro, Opt. Lett. 37, 996 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Okhrimchuk, V. Mezentsev, A. Shestakov, and I. Bennion, Opt. Express 20, 3832 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Liu, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, Opt. Express 20, 18620 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photon. Rev., doi:10.1002/lpor.201300025 (2013). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, Appl. Phys. B 95, 85 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited