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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2013
  • pp: 3708–3711

Middle infrared active coherent laser spectrometer for standoff detection of chemicals

Neil A. Macleod, Rebecca Rose, and Damien Weidmann  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 19, pp. 3708-3711 (2013)

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Using a quantum cascade laser emitting at 7.85 μm, a middle infrared active coherent laser spectrometer has been developed for the standoff detection of vapor phase chemicals. The first prototype has been tested using diffuse target backscattering at ranges up to 30m. Exploiting the continuous frequency tuning of the laser source, spectra of water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, and hydrogen peroxide were recorded. A forward model of the instrument was used to perform spectral unmixing and retrieve line-of-sight integrated concentrations and their one-sigma uncertainties. Performance was found to be limited by speckle noise originating from topographic targets. For absorbers with large absorption cross sections such as nitrous oxide (>1019cm2·molecule1), normalized detection sensitivities range between 14 and 0.3ppm·m·Hz1/2, depending on the efficiency of the speckle reduction scheme implemented.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.6310) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, heterodyne
(140.5965) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: July 1, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 19, 2013
Published: September 16, 2013

Neil A. Macleod, Rebecca Rose, and Damien Weidmann, "Middle infrared active coherent laser spectrometer for standoff detection of chemicals," Opt. Lett. 38, 3708-3711 (2013)

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