OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 20 — Oct. 15, 2013
  • pp: 4166–4169

Integrated 1550 nm photoreceiver with built-in amplification and feedback mechanisms

Samia Nawar Rahman, David Hall, Zhe Mei, and Yu-Hwa Lo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 20, pp. 4166-4169 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (557 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Sensitivity, dynamic range and detection efficiency are among the key figures of merit for 1550 nm wavelength detectors that find applications in communications, sensing, and imaging. Some fundamental material and device limits have added tremendous difficulties for a single device to achieve high sensitivity and dynamic range without significant trade-offs. We present a concept that can potentially overcome this performance bottleneck. Preliminary results have shown a sensitivity of 10 photons (six photons from the quantum limit) and a large dynamic range (in the sense that output increases monotonically with input). The concept opens up a new avenue for detecting single photons in non-Geiger-mode with near 100% detection efficiency.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.3060) Detectors : Infrared
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(250.1345) Optoelectronics : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 18, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2013
Published: October 11, 2013

Samia Nawar Rahman, David Hall, Zhe Mei, and Yu-Hwa Lo, "Integrated 1550 nm photoreceiver with built-in amplification and feedback mechanisms," Opt. Lett. 38, 4166-4169 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Yagyu, E. Ishimura, M. Nakaji, H. Itamoto, T. Aoyagi, K. Yoshiara, and Y. Tokuda, Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2007), paper OThG2.
  2. B. F. Levine, R. N. Snacks, J. Ko, M. Jazwiechi, J. A. Valdmanis, D. Gunther, and J. H. Meier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1898 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. N. Yasuoka, H. Kuwatsuka, and A. Kuramata, Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2004), paper TuM2.
  4. J. Joo, S. Kim, I. G. Kim, K. Jang, and G. Kim, Opt. Express 18, 16474 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Kang, M. Morse, M. J. Paniccia, M. Zadka, Y. Saad, G. Sarid, A. Pauchard, W. S. Zaoudi, H. W. Chen, D. Dai, J. E. Bowers, H. D. Liu, D. C. Mcintosh, X. Zheng, and J. C. Campbell, Nat. Photonics 3, 59 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. O. V. Sulima, T. F. Refaat, M. G. Mauk, J. A. Cox, J. Li, S. K. Lohokare, M. N. Abedin, U. N. Singh, and J. A. Rand, Electron. Lett. 40, 766 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Y. Huang and H. Morkoc, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 405 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Campbell, A. G. Dentai, G. Qua, and J. F. Ferguson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1134 (1983). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Renker, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 567, 48 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Itzler, X. Jiang, M. Enwistle, K. Slomkowski, A. Tosi, F. Acerbi, F. Zappa, and S. Cova, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 174 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Itzler, X. Jiang, M. Entwistle, B. M. Onat, and K. Slomkowski, Proc. SPIE 7681, 76810V (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Zhao, S. You, J. Cheng, and Y. H. Lo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 153504 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Cheng, S. You, S. Rahman, and Y. H. Lo, Opt. Express 19, 15149 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. B. Michael, and K. Slomkowski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 895 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, R. B. Michael, K. Slomkowski, M. A. Krainak, S. Wu, and X. Sun, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 3 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. R. B. Michael, M. A. Itzler, B. Nyman, and M. Entwistle, in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Summer Topical Meetings (2006), pp. 15–16.
  17. D. Shushakov and V. Shubin, Proc. SPIE 2397, 544 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Rahman, D. Hall, Z. Mei, and Y. H. Lo, Proc. SPIE 8727, 87270P (2013). [CrossRef]
  19. J. N. Chazalviel, in Coulomb Screening by Mobile Charges: Applications to Materials Science, Chemistry, and Biology (Springer, 1999), Chap. 1.
  20. S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, in Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, 2007), Chap. 13.
  21. G. P. Agrawal, in Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2010), Chap. 4.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited