OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 2013
  • pp: 4292–4295

Continuous-wave laser damage of uniform and nanolaminate hafnia and titania optical coatings

Lucas N. Taylor, Andrew K. Brown, Aaron J. Pung, Eric G. Johnson, and Joseph J. Talghader  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 21, pp. 4292-4295 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2483 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The laser-damage thresholds of single material and nanolaminate thin films were compared under continuous-wave (CW) illumination conditions. Nanolaminate films consist of uniform material interrupted by the periodic insertion of one or more atomic layers of an alternative material. Hafnia and titania were used as the base materials, and the films were deposited using atomic-layer deposition. The nanolaminates were less polycrystalline than the uniform films, as quantified using x-ray diffraction. It was found that the nanolaminate films had reduced laser-damage thresholds on smooth and patterned substrates as compared to uniform single-material films. This behavior is unusual as prior art indicates that amorphous (less polycrystalline) materials have higher laser-damage thresholds under short-pulse excitation. It is speculated that this may indicate that local thermal conduction affects breakdown more strongly under CW excitation than the dielectric properties that are important for short-pulse excitation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3330) Lasers and laser optics : Laser damage
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: August 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 22, 2013
Published: October 18, 2013

Lucas N. Taylor, Andrew K. Brown, Aaron J. Pung, Eric G. Johnson, and Joseph J. Talghader, "Continuous-wave laser damage of uniform and nanolaminate hafnia and titania optical coatings," Opt. Lett. 38, 4292-4295 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Chao, W.-H. Wang, M.-Y. Hsu, and L.-C. Wang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1477 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Tateno, H. Okada, T. Otobe, K. Kawase, J. K. Koga, A. Kosuge, K. Nagashima, A. Sugiyama, and K. Kashiwagi, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 123103 (2012). [CrossRef]
  3. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. D. W. Fradin and M. Bass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 206 (1973). [CrossRef]
  5. D. W. Fradin and M. Bass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 604 (1973). [CrossRef]
  6. D. W. Fradin, E. Yablonovitch, and M. Bass, Appl. Opt. 12, 700 (1973). [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. Soileau and M. Bass, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 814 (1980). [CrossRef]
  8. D. W. Fradin, N. Bloembergen, and J. P. Letellier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 635 (1973). [CrossRef]
  9. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Zhao, X. Li, H. Liu, R. Jiang, Z. Liu, Z. Hu, H. Gong, and J. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1081 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Qi, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, Z. Liu, J. Chang, W. Xia, and G. Jin, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 033106 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. K. H. Lee, W. S. Shin, and E. C. Kang, Appl. Opt. 52, 2055 (2013). [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Palmer, Opt. Eng. 22, 224435 (1983). [CrossRef]
  14. K. E. Puttick, R. Holm, D. Ristau, U. Natzschka, G. Kiriakidis, N. Garawal, E. Judd, D. Holland, D. Greening, N. Ellis, M. Wilkinson, M. Garcia Pamies, and C. Sanviti, Proc. SPIE 3244, 188 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Gong, C. F. Li, and Z. Y. Li, Proc. SPIE 3578, 576 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. R. S. Shah, J. J. Rey, and A. F. Stewart, Proc. SPIE 6403, 640305 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. S. S. Kim, N. T. Gabriel, W. S. Chan, and J. J. Talghader, Opt. Lett. 34, 2162 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. S.-i. Zaitsu, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1034 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. D. M. Hausmann and R. G. Gordon, J. Cryst. Growth 249, 251 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. N. T. Gabriel and J. J. Talghader, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 043526 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. M. K. Poutous, A. J. Pung, P. Srinivasan, Z. A. Roth, and E. G. Johnson, Opt. Express 18, 27764 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. H. Jiao, T. Ding, and Q. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 4059 (2011). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Rosencwaig and J. B. Willis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 667 (1980). [CrossRef]
  24. T. W. Murray and J. W. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2031 (1999). [CrossRef]
  25. J. Chen, X. Ni, J. Lu, and B. Bian, Opt. Commun. 176, 437 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. J. F. Herbstman, A. J. Hunt, and S. M. Yalisove, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 011112 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. S.-M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, and T. H. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 52, 253 (1995). [CrossRef]
  28. R. R. Austin, R. Michaud, A. H. Guenther, and J. Putman, Appl. Opt. 12, 665 (1973). [CrossRef]
  29. D. Mitchell, D. Attard, K. Finnie, G. Triani, C. Barb, C. Depagne, and J. Bartlett, Appl. Surf. Sci. 243, 265 (2005). [CrossRef]
  30. R. Raghavan, M. Bechelany, M. Parlinska, D. Frey, W. M. Mook, A. Beyer, J. Michler, and I. Utke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 191912 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited