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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 22 — Nov. 15, 2013
  • pp: 4777–4780

Spatially resolved Stokes parameters of small-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: experiment and simulation

Andreas Molitor, Pierluigi Debernardi, Sébastien Hartmann, and Wolfgang Elsäßer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 22, pp. 4777-4780 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.38.004777


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Abstract

We present experimental investigations on spatially resolved Stokes parameters of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with a small aperture diameter of 3 μm and a monolithically integrated surface grating on top of the structure to technologically control the polarization. As expected, the grating fixes the state of polarization, but still shows both a spatially nonuniform linear polarization distribution of the fundamental transverse mode as well as an interesting eight-lobe pattern of circular polarization in terms of change of sign. These experimental findings are reproduced by numerical simulations using a fully vectorial three-dimensional model.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2130) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Ellipsometry and polarimetry
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 6, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 15, 2013
Published: November 12, 2013

Citation
Andreas Molitor, Pierluigi Debernardi, Sébastien Hartmann, and Wolfgang Elsäßer, "Spatially resolved Stokes parameters of small-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: experiment and simulation," Opt. Lett. 38, 4777-4780 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-38-22-4777


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