OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Alan E. Willner
  • Vol. 38, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2013
  • pp: 606–608

Gaussian pulse gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode for single photon detection

Yixin Zhang, Xuping Zhang, and Shun Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 5, pp. 606-608 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (448 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The capacitive response noise has been problematic for high-speed single photon detection based on gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes. Traditionally, the noise must be suppressed by complex electronic circuit if low afterpulse probability is desired. In this Letter, we propose a compact and flexible method for noise cancellation, which gates the photodiode with a Gaussian pulse. Because of the differential effect of junction capacitor, the shape of the capacitive response output in our method is the first-order derivative of the Gaussian function that can be matched by the rising edge of a delayed and attenuated version of the gating pulse itself. With matching signal, the avalanche pulse is raised onto a flat platform that can be easily discriminated from the background. For 1550 nm optical signal, the detection efficiency could reach 10.2% with 9.7×106 per gate dark count probability and 3.4% afterpulse probability at 80 MHz gating frequency. Experimental results have shown that the proposed method can decrease the afterpulse probability sharply while maintaining the detection efficiency and dark count performance.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.5170) Optical devices : Photodiodes
(270.5570) Quantum optics : Quantum detectors
(040.1345) Detectors : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: November 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 18, 2013
Published: February 19, 2013

Yixin Zhang, Xuping Zhang, and Shun Wang, "Gaussian pulse gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode for single photon detection," Opt. Lett. 38, 606-608 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, Opt. Express 16, 18790 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Nambu, S. Takahashi, K. Yoshino, A. Tanaka, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, A. Tajima, S. Yorozu, and A. Tomita, Opt. Express 19, 20531 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. L. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 887 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Liang, Y. Jian, X. L. Chen, G. Wu, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 115 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. E. Diamanti, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 31, 727 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. S. K. Cho and S. K. Kang, Opt. Express 19, 18510 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. A. R. Dixon, J. F. Dynes, Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, A. J. Bennett, and A. J. Shields, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231113 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. L. Yuan, A. W. Sharpe, J. F. Dynes, A. R. Dixon, and A. J. Shields, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071101 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 091103 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Namekata, S. Sasamori, and S. Inoue, Opt. Express 14, 10043 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Namekata, S. Adachi, and S. Inoue, Opt. Express 17, 6275 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. N. Namekata, S. Adachi, and S. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 529 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Protiva, J. Mrkvica, and J. Machac, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 2401 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited