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Optics Letters

Optics Letters

| RAPID, SHORT PUBLICATIONS ON THE LATEST IN OPTICAL DISCOVERIES

  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2014
  • pp: 158–161

Observing abnormally large group velocity at the plasmonic band edge via a universal eigenvalue analysis

Wei E. I. Sha, Ling Ling Meng, Wallace C. H. Choy, and Weng Cho Chew  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 1, pp. 158-161 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.000158


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Abstract

We developed a novel universal eigenvalue analysis for 2D arbitrary nanostructures comprising dispersive and lossy materials. The complex dispersion relation (or complex Bloch band structure) of a metallic grating is rigorously calculated by the proposed algorithm with the finite-difference implementation. The abnormally large group velocity is observed at a plasmonic band edge with a large attenuation constant. Interestingly, we found the abnormal group velocity is caused by the leaky (radiation) loss, not by metallic absorption (ohmic) loss. The periodically modulated surface of the grating significantly modifies the original dispersion relation of the semi-infinite dielectric-metal structure and induces the extraordinarily large group velocity, which is different from the near-zero group velocity at photonic band edge. The work is fundamentally important to the design of plasmonic nanostructures.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1755) Diffraction and gratings : Computational electromagnetic methods
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: September 13, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2013
Published: December 24, 2013

Citation
Wei E. I. Sha, Ling Ling Meng, Wallace C. H. Choy, and Weng Cho Chew, "Observing abnormally large group velocity at the plasmonic band edge via a universal eigenvalue analysis," Opt. Lett. 39, 158-161 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-39-1-158

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