OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 11 — Jun. 1, 2014
  • pp: 3098–3101

Observation of two-photon fluorescence for Rhodamine 6G in microbubble resonators

Gregory A. Cohoon, Khanh Kieu, and Robert A. Norwood  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 11, pp. 3098-3101 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (354 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report an observation of multi-photon excitation of organic chromophores in microbubble whispering gallery mode resonators. High- Q microbubble resonators were formed by heating a pressurized fused silica capillary to form a hollow bubble that was then filled with liquid. In this work, the microbubble was filled with a solution of Rhodamine 6G dye. The resonator and dye were excited by evanescently coupling continuous wave (CW) light from a 980 nm laser diode using a tapered optical fiber. The two-photon fluorescence of the dye can be seen with pump powers as low as 700 μW.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: March 17, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 19, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 20, 2014
Published: May 19, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Gregory A. Cohoon, Khanh Kieu, and Robert A. Norwood, "Observation of two-photon fluorescence for Rhodamine 6G in microbubble resonators," Opt. Lett. 39, 3098-3101 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, Nat. Methods 5, 591 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. I. M. White, H. Zhu, J. D. Suter, X. Fan, and M. Zourob, Methods Mol. Biol. 503, 139 (2009).
  3. I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Opt. Commun. 265, 33 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Spillane, T. Kippenberg, and K. Vahala, Nature 415, 621 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, W. Liang, V. S. Ilchenko, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, Nat. Photonics 5, 293 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Carmon and K. J. Vahala, Nat. Phys. 3, 430 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Farnesi, A. Barucci, G. C. Righini, S. Berneschi, S. Soria, and G. Nunzi Conti, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 093901 (2014). [CrossRef]
  9. E. Krioukov, D. J. W. Klunder, A. Driessen, J. Greve, and C. Otto, Opt. Lett. 27, 1504 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. E. Krioukov, D. Klunder, A. Driessen, J. Greve, and C. Otto, Talanta 65, 1086 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. D. Armani, T. Kippenberg, S. Spillane, and K. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Tada, G. A. Cohoon, K. Kieu, M. Mansuripur, and R. A. Norwood, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 430 (2013). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Braginsky, M. Gorodetsky, and V. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 071106 (2012). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 35, 898 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Senthil Murugan, M. N. Petrovich, Y. Jung, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Opt. Express 19, 20773 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Lee, Y. Sun, H. Li, K. Reddy, M. Sumetsky, and X. Fan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091102 (2011). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Berneschi, D. Farnesi, F. Cosi, G. N. Conti, S. Pelli, G. C. Righini, and S. Soria, Opt. Lett. 36, 3521 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Henze, T. Seifert, J. Ward, and O. Benson, Opt. Lett. 36, 4536 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and R. S. Windeler, Opt. Lett. 35, 1866 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Watkins, J. Ward, Y. Wu, and S. N. Chormaic, Opt. Lett. 36, 2113 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. S. I. Shopova, H. Zhou, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221101 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. G. Bahl, K. H. Kim, W. Lee, J. Liu, X. Fan, and T. Carmon, Nat. Commun. 4, 1994 (2013). [CrossRef]
  24. W. Kaiser and C. G. B. Garrett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 229 (1961). [CrossRef]
  25. N. S. Makarov, M. Drobizhev, and A. Rebane, Opt. Express 16, 4029 (2008). [CrossRef]
  26. C. Xu and W. W. Webb, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 481 (1996). [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Kaneda and S. Kubota, Appl. Opt. 36, 7766 (1997). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Paul, Y. Kaneda, T.-L. Wang, C. Lytle, J. V. Moloney, and R. J. Jones, Opt. Lett. 36, 61 (2011). [CrossRef]
  29. E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 16, 1400 (1991). [CrossRef]
  30. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968). [CrossRef]
  31. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 22, 1129 (1997). [CrossRef]
  32. C. Zhang, N. C. Anzalone, R. P. Faria, and J. M. Pearce, PLoS ONE 8, e59840 (2013). [CrossRef]
  33. T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992). [CrossRef]
  34. R. Kenny, T. Birks, and K. Oakley, Electron. Lett. 27, 1654 (1991). [CrossRef]
  35. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 913 (1988). [CrossRef]
  36. P. Sperber and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Quantum Electron. 18, 381 (1986). [CrossRef]
  37. A. Kwok, J. Gillespie, and A. Serpengüzel, Opt. Lett. 17, 1435 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited