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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 2014
  • pp: 3492–3495

Experimental observation of the spontaneous breaking of the time-reversal symmetry in a synchronously pumped passive Kerr resonator

Yiqing Xu and Stéphane Coen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 12, pp. 3492-3495 (2014)

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We experimentally observe a spontaneous temporal symmetry breaking instability in a coherently driven passive optical Kerr resonator. Using a time-symmetric configuration, we report output pulses with strongly asymmetric temporal and spectral intensity profiles, with up to 71% of the energy on the same side of the pump center frequency. The instability occurs above a certain pump power threshold but remarkably vanishes above a second threshold, in excellent agreement with theory. We also observe a generalized bistability in which an asymmetric output state coexists with a symmetric one in the same pumping conditions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: March 12, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 11, 2014
Published: June 6, 2014

Yiqing Xu and Stéphane Coen, "Experimental observation of the spontaneous breaking of the time-reversal symmetry in a synchronously pumped passive Kerr resonator," Opt. Lett. 39, 3492-3495 (2014)

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