OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 2014
  • pp: 4773–4775

Binocular open-view instrument to measure aberrations and pupillary dynamics

Emmanuel Chirre, Pedro M. Prieto, and Pablo Artal  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 16, pp. 4773-4775 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (525 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have designed and built a binocular Hartmann–Shack wave-front sensor using a single microlens array and camera for real-time aberration measurement of both eyes in an open-view configuration. Furthermore, the use of a long wavelength (1050 nm) laser diode makes the illumination source completely invisible, so that measurements can be unobtrusively performed while the subject stares at the visual world under realistic conditions. The setup provides a large dynamic range and simultaneous measurements of convergence, pupil size, accommodation, and aberrations. The open-view design not only offers the possibility of measuring the subject’s ocular optics under natural conditions but also allows coupling the device with other existing vision testing instruments and setups, which increases its potential to become a powerful tool for different visual optics studies.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(330.5370) Vision, color, and visual optics : Physiological optics
(330.7322) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visual optics, accommodation
(330.7327) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visual optics, ophthalmic instrumentation

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: June 18, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 4, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 8, 2014
Published: August 7, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Emmanuel Chirre, Pedro M. Prieto, and Pablo Artal, "Binocular open-view instrument to measure aberrations and pupillary dynamics," Opt. Lett. 39, 4773-4775 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Liang, B. Grimm, S. Goelz, and J. F. Bille, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1949 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Liang and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2873 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. P. M. Prieto, F. Vargas-Martin, S. Goelz, and P. Artal, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1388 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Porter, A. Guirao, I. G. Cox, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1793 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. L. N. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. M. P. Cagigal, V. F. Canales, J. F. Castejon-Mochon, P. M. Prieto, N. Lopez-Gil, and P. Artal, Opt. Lett. 27, 37 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Hoffer, P. Artal, B. Singer, J. L. Aragon, and D. R. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 497 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Mira-Agudelo, L. Lundstrom, and P. Artal, Ophthalmic Physiolog. Opt. 29, 256 (2009).
  9. S. Ninomiya, T. Fujikado, T. Kuroda, N. Maeda, Y. Tano, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 924 (2002).
  10. H. Cheng, J. K. Barnett, A. S. Vilupuru, J. D. Marsack, S. Kasthurirangan, R. A. Applegate, and A. Roorda, J. Vision 4(4), 3, 272 (2004).
  11. S. Plainis, H. S. Ginis, and A. Pallikaris, J. Vision 5(5), 7, 466 (2005).
  12. M. Kobayashi, N. Nakazawa, T. Yamaguchi, T. Otaki, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, Appl. Opt. 47, 4619 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Chin, K. Hampson, and E. Mallen, Opt. Express 16, 14731 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. E. J. Fernandez, P. M. Prieto, and A. Artal, Opt. Lett. 34, 2628 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Sabesan, L. Zheleznyak, K. Ahmad, and G. Yoon, Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 3176 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. , American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers.
  17. E. J. Fernández and P. Artal, Opt. Express, 16, 21199 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Ruffieux, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, R. Völkel, and K. J. Weible, Opt. Express 14, 4687 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, Vis. Res. 40, 41 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited