An optical electrode design is presented that theoretically allows 100% optical transmission through an interdigitated metallic electrode at 50% metal areal coverage. This is achieved by redirection of light incident on embedded metal electrode lines to an angle beyond that required for total internal reflection. Full-field electromagnetic simulations using realistic material parameters demonstrate 84% frequency-averaged transmission for unpolarized illumination across the entire visible spectral range using a silver interdigitated electrode at 50% areal coverage. The redirection is achieved through specular reflection, making it nonresonant and arbitrarily broadband, provided the electrode width exceeds the optical wavelength. These findings could significantly improve the performance of photovoltaic devices and optical detectors that require high-conductivity top contacts.
© 2014 Optical Society of America
Optics at Surfaces
Original Manuscript: April 1, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 18, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 20, 2014
Published: August 22, 2014
Pieter G. Kik, "Catoptric electrodes: transparent metal electrodes using shaped surfaces," Opt. Lett. 39, 5114-5117 (2014)