OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1129–1132

Electro-optic tuning of split ring resonators embedded in a liquid crystal

Bernhard Atorf, Holger Mühlenbernd, Mulda Muldarisnur, Thomas Zentgraf, and Heinz Kitzerow  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 5, pp. 1129-1132 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (290 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Two-dimensional arrays of split ring resonators for near-infrared frequencies are embedded in a liquid crystal (LC) and the influences of LC alignment, temperature, and electric fields on the resonance frequencies are studied. The results show that tunability can not only be achieved by influencing the state of polarization of the incident radiation, but also by direct interaction of the evanescent field of the resonant modes with the LC. Depending on the LC alignment, the field-induced shift of the resonance frequency is found to vary for different excited modes. Some guidelines for the design of tunable frequency selective metasurfaces can be deduced from these experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 14, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 14, 2014
Published: February 19, 2014

Bernhard Atorf, Holger Mühlenbernd, Mulda Muldarisnur, Thomas Zentgraf, and Heinz Kitzerow, "Electro-optic tuning of split ring resonators embedded in a liquid crystal," Opt. Lett. 39, 1129-1132 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Cai, V. Shalaev, Optical Metamaterials, (Springer, 2010).
  2. V. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. H.-S. Kitzerow, in Handbook of Liquid Crystals, J. W. Goodby, P. J. Collings, H. Gleeson, T. Kato, P. Raynes, K. Tschierske, eds. (Wiley-VCH, 2014), Vol. 8, Chap. 13, pp. 373–426.
  4. S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Zhang, L. Kang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 17, 4360 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Sun, K. Qiu, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, W. Zhang, J. Sun, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Vieweg, N. Born, I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 327 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. O. Buchnev, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Kaczmarek, N. I. Zheludev, V. A. Fedotov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 141904 (2013). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Kang, J. Woo, E. Choi, H. Lee, E. Kim, J. Kim, T. Hwang, Y. Park, D. Kim, J. Wu, Opt. Express 18, 16492 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1920 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Chen, J. Yeh, L. Chen, Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 5, 224 (2011).
  16. M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Woo, E. Choi, B. Kang, E. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Lee, T. Hong, J. Kim, I. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Wu, Opt. Express 20, 15440 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. O. Buchnev, J. Y. Ou, M. Kaczmarek, N. Zheludev, V. Fedotov, Opt. Express 21, 1633 (2013). [CrossRef]
  20. G. Pawlik, K. Tarnowski, W. Walasik, A. Mitus, I. Khoo, Opt. Lett. 37, 1847 (2012). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013). [CrossRef]
  22. I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973). [CrossRef]
  24. C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited