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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 7 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1772–1774

Compositional dependence of room-temperature Stark splitting of Yb3+ in several popular glass systems

Binhua Yang, Xueqiang Liu, Xin Wang, Junjie Zhang, Lili Hu, and Liyan Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 7, pp. 1772-1774 (2014)

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The room-temperature Stark splitting properties of Yb3+ are practical and valuable for lasers because the working temperature of the gain media intensively increases with the laser output. In this Letter, the room-temperature Stark splitting properties of Yb3+ in several popular laser glasses are contrastively studied. Yb3+-doped germanate (Ge), borate (B), silicate (Si), bismuthate (Bi), tellurite (Te), and fluorophosphate (FP) glasses exhibit large Stark splitting and tend to operate close to the quasi-four-level scheme, whereas phosphate (P) glass shows the weakest Stark splitting and tends to operate close to the quasi-three-level one. Due to the low thermal conductivity of the glass matrix, Yb3+-doped P glass suffers from serious thermal problems and is difficult to achieve high laser output. The Stark splitting is also used to estimate the crystal-field strength of glass hosts and local Yb3+ ligand asymmetry degree. The results show that P glass shows weaker crystal-field effect and lower Yb3+ ligand asymmetry than Ge, Si, and B glasses.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra
(140.3615) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ytterbium

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 18, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 2, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 6, 2014
Published: March 19, 2014

Binhua Yang, Xueqiang Liu, Xin Wang, Junjie Zhang, Lili Hu, and Liyan Zhang, "Compositional dependence of room-temperature Stark splitting of Yb3+ in several popular glass systems," Opt. Lett. 39, 1772-1774 (2014)

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