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Optics Letters

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  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 7 — Apr. 1, 2014
  • pp: 2198–2201

Absolute frequency stabilization of an extended-cavity diode laser by means of noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy

Hemanth Dinesan, Eugenio Fasci, Antonio Castrillo, and Livio Gianfrani  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 7, pp. 2198-2201 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.002198


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Abstract

We implemented an optical frequency standard based on noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy (NICE-OHMS) at 1.39 μm. The emission frequency of an extended-cavity diode laser was actively stabilized against the center of the 44,144,0 transition of the H2O18ν1+ν3 band, under optical saturation conditions. The nonlinear regime of laser-gas interaction was reached by using an optical cavity with a finesse of about 8700. By filling it with an O18-enriched water sample at a pressure of a few Pa, the Lamb dip could be observed with a full width at half-maximum of about 2 MHz. Absolute frequency stabilization was obtained by locking the cavity resonance to the center of the sub-Doppler signal, which was provided by the NICE-OHMS technique under the dispersion regime of operation. An Allan deviation analysis demonstrated a relative frequency stability of 5×1013 for an integration time of 1 s. For longer integration times, the flicker frequency noise floor set the stability at the level of 4×1014.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers
(300.6310) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, heterodyne
(300.6320) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, high-resolution
(300.6460) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, saturation

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: January 23, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 3, 2014
Published: March 31, 2014

Citation
Hemanth Dinesan, Eugenio Fasci, Antonio Castrillo, and Livio Gianfrani, "Absolute frequency stabilization of an extended-cavity diode laser by means of noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 39, 2198-2201 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-39-7-2198


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