OSA's Digital Library

Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Editor: Xi-Cheng Zhang
  • Vol. 39, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2014
  • pp: 2691–2694

Red emission of additional Pr3+ and adjusting effect of additional Mg2+ in Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphor

Jun Qiao, Jiahua Zhang, Xia Zhang, Zhendong Hao, Yongfu Liu, and Guohui Pan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 9, pp. 2691-2694 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (573 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this Letter, we report the addition of Pr3+ and Mg2+ in CSS:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphor for improving the performances of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The additional trivalent Pr3+ will occupy the Ca2+ site in this host like the situation of Ce3+, its concentration can be enhanced by the addition of Mg2+ in Sc3+ site due to the substitution of Mg2+ for Sc3+ can compensate the charge mismatch between Pr3+ and Ca2+. Based on the efficient Ce3+Pr3+ and Mn2+Pr3+ energy transfers (ETs) and the compensation effect of Mg2+, the additional Pr3+ in our present phosphors exhibits an intense red-emission around 610 nm, which is significant for enhancing the color rendering property. In addition, we also find that the additional Mg2+ in Sc3+ site can markedly adjust the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum shape of our phosphor by controlling the distribution of Mn2+ at Ca2+ and Sc3+ sites. A new tunable full-color emission is obtained via the ETs (Ce3+Mn2+, Ce3+Pr3+ and Mn2+Pr3+) and the adjusting effect of Mg2+ in our present phosphors. Finally, a white LED with higher color rendering index of 90, lower correlated color temperature of 4980 K, and chromaticity coordinates of (0.34, 0.31) was obtained by combining the single CSS:0.08Ce3+, 0.01Pr3+, 0.3Mn2+, 0.2Mg2+ phosphor with a blue-emitting InGaN LED chip.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 26, 2014
Revised Manuscript: March 27, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: March 31, 2014
Published: April 24, 2014

Jun Qiao, Jiahua Zhang, Xia Zhang, Zhendong Hao, Yongfu Liu, and Guohui Pan, "Red emission of additional Pr3+ and adjusting effect of additional Mg2+ in Ca3Sc2Si3O12:Ce3+, Mn2+ phosphor," Opt. Lett. 39, 2691-2694 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Bando, K. Sakano, Y. Noguchi, and Y. Shimizu, J. Light Visual Environ. 22, 2 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F. F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. J. W. Li, T. Watanabe, N. Sakamoto, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 20, 2095 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, D. Y. Jeon, and S. S. Kim, J. Lumin. 126, 371 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. X. F. Li, J. D. Budai, F. Liu, J. Y. Howe, J. H. Zhang, X. J. Wang, Z. J. Gu, C. J. Sun, R. S. Meltzer, and Z. W. Pan, Light: Sci. Appl. 2, e50 (2013). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Shimomura, T. Honma, M. Shigeiwa, T. Akai, K. Okamoto, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J35 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Shimomura, T. Kurushima, M. Shigeiwa, and N. Kijima, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J45 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. F. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. D. Hao, Y. S. Luo, X. J. Wang, and J. H. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 16379 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Pinelli, S. Bigotta, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, and E. Bovero, Opt. Mater. 25, 91 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Piramidowicz, K. Ławniczuk, M. Nakielska, J. Sarnecki, and M. Malinowski, J. Lumin. 128, 708 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. K. V. Ivanovskikh, A. Meijerink, F. Piccinelli, A. Speghini, E. I. Zinin, C. Ronda, and M. Bettinelli, J. Lumin. 130, 893 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited