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Optics Letters

Optics Letters


  • Vol. 6, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1981
  • pp: 411–413

Laser-induced diffraction rings from a nematic-liquid-crystal film

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 9, pp. 411-413 (1981)

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Multiple diffraction rings appear as a cw laser beam passes through a homeotropic nematic film. The phenomenon is shown to be the result of spatial self-phase modulation that is due to the laser-induced Freedericksz transition.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 11, 1981
Published: September 1, 1981

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, "Laser-induced diffraction rings from a nematic-liquid-crystal film," Opt. Lett. 6, 411-413 (1981)

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  1. See, for example, Y. R. Shen, Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1 (1975), and references therein. [CrossRef]
  2. These include metal vapor: D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 866 (1970); semiconductors: H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, A. C. Gossard, A. Passner, W. Wiegmann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 451 (1979); D. A. B. Miller, M. H. Mozolowski, A. Miller, S. D. Smith, Opt. Commun. 27, 133 (1978); A. Maruani, J-L. Oudar, E. Batifol, D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1372 (1978); photorefractive materials: J. Feinberg, R. Hellwarth, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599A (1980). [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Herman, R. J. Serinko, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1757 (1979); B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 30, 478 (1979); B. Ya. Zel’dovich, N. F. Pilipetskii, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, JETP Lett. 31, 263 (1980); I. C. Khoo, S. L. Zhuang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 3 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. A. S. Zolot’ko, V. F. Kitaeva, N. Kroo, N. N. Sobolev, L. Chillag, JETP Lett. 32, 158 (1980). According to R. M. Herman, a similar pattern has been observed by A. Saupé.
  5. A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 19, 1971 (1979); G. Brechignac, Ph. Cahuzac, A. Debarre, Opt. Commun. 35, 87 (1980); C. H. Skinner, P. D. Kleiber, Phys. Rev. A 21, 151 (1980); Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 34, 439 (1980). [CrossRef]
  6. S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, Y. R. Shen (to be published).
  7. F. Shimizu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 1097 (1967); T. K. Gustafson, J. P. E. Taran, H. A. Haus, J. R. Lifsitz, P. L. Kelley, Phys. Rev. 177, 306 (1979); M. M. T. Loy, Y. R. Shen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 409 (1973). [CrossRef]
  8. More rigorously, the equation should be replaced by Δψ(ρ1) − Δψ(ρ2) k⊥(ρ1 − ρ2) = mπ See the paper by F. Shimizu in Ref. 7.
  9. See, for example, P. Sheng, in Introduction to Liquid Crystals, E. B. Priestley, P. J. Wojtowicz, P. Sheng, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1975), Chap. 8, p. 103. [CrossRef]
  10. K. Skarp, S. Lagerwall, B. Stebler, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 60, 215 (1980). [CrossRef]

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