We report the narrowing of pulses, initially 7 psec FWHM, to widths as small as 0.26 psec by various lengths, short relative to the soliton period, of single-mode, low-loss optical fiber. Since the ~1.5-μm wavelength lies in the region of negative group-velocity dispersion (∂νg/∂λ < 0), no auxiliary dispersive element was required to complete the narrowing. Optimum compression was obtained for peak-pulse input powers of several hundred watts, corresponding to relatively high (N > 10) soliton number. We show these results to be in at least semiquantitative agreement with prediction based on the nonlinear Schrödinger equation.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 31, 1983
Published: May 1, 1983
L. F. Mollenauer, W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, "Extreme picosecond pulse narrowing by means of soliton effect in single-mode optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 8, 289-291 (1983)