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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 4 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: 605–613

Femtosecond laser induced density changes in GeO2 and SiO2 glasses: fictive temperature effect [Invited]

Lena Bressel, Dominique de Ligny, Camille Sonneville, Valérie Martinez, Vygantas Mizeikis, Ričardas Buividas, and Saulius Juodkazis  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 1, Issue 4, pp. 605-613 (2011)

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Density changes of GeO2 and SiO2 glasses subjected to irradiation by tightly focused femtosecond pulses are observed by Raman scattering. It is shown that densification caused by the void formation in GeO2 glass is very similar to the changes under hydrostatic pressure. In contrast, the experimental observations in SiO2 glass could be explained by pressure effect or by the fictive temperature anomaly, i. e., a resultant smaller specific volume of the glass (a denser phase) at a high thermal quenching rate. Density changes of GeO2 and SiO2 glasses are opposite upon close-to-equilibrium heating; this gives new insights into the mechanisms of densification under highly non-equilibrium conditions: fs-laser induced micro-explosions, heating and void formation. The pressure and temperature effects of glass modification by ultra-short laser pulses are discussed considering applications in optical memory, waveguiding, and formation of micro-optical elements.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(350.3850) Other areas of optics : Materials processing

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

Original Manuscript: May 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 6, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 6, 2011
Published: August 1, 2011

Virtual Issues
Femtosecond Direct Laser Writing and Structuring of Materials (2011) Optical Materials Express

Lena Bressel, Dominique de Ligny, Camille Sonneville, Valérie Martinez, Vygantas Mizeikis, Ričardas Buividas, and Saulius Juodkazis, "Femtosecond laser induced density changes in GeO2 and SiO2 glasses: fictive temperature effect [Invited]," Opt. Mater. Express 1, 605-613 (2011)

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