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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 4 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: 711–723

Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 1, Issue 4, pp. 711-723 (2011)

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The refractive index changes in doped silica are investigated. We observed that the permanent isotropic index change threshold (T1) is not significantly dependent on the doping. We show that strong birefringence (permanent linear birefringence) exists in doped silica but its threshold (T2) exhibits significant dependence on the used dopants. In our conditions, comparing with silica (0.31 μJ/pulse here), for 1.5 at% Ge-doped silica the T2 threshold is smaller (0.14 ± 0.05 μJ/pulse). For a silica doped with 0.3 at% of fluorine, T2 is close to 1.20 ± 0.05 μJ/pulse. An interpretation is given not only about threshold variation but also about RIC for energies beyond. It is based on the overcoming of relaxation time in the volume interaction.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
(350.3450) Other areas of optics : Laser-induced chemistry

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

Original Manuscript: April 7, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 30, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 1, 2011
Published: July 27, 2011

Virtual Issues
Femtosecond Direct Laser Writing and Structuring of Materials (2011) Optical Materials Express

M. Lancry, B. Poumellec, A. Chahid-Erraji, M. Beresna, and P. G. Kazansky, "Dependence of the femtosecond laser refractive index change thresholds on the chemical composition of doped-silica glasses," Opt. Mater. Express 1, 711-723 (2011)

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