OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 8 — Dec. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1433–1438

In situ observation of light-assisted domain reversal in lithium niobate crystals

Hongde Liu, Meiling Zhu, Qirui Liang, Wei Li, Shiguo Liu, Ling Zhang, Shaolin Chen, Yongfa Kong, and Jingjun Xu  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 1, Issue 8, pp. 1433-1438 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1222 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A digital holography interferometry was applied for in situ observation of the light-assisted domain reversal in the lithium niobate doped with MgO. The evolution of the light-assisted domain nucleation and growth was reconstructed, and we found a flat-top reversed domain state during the two stages: I. the reversed domain tip propagates in depth and progressively flattens its edge profile; II. the polarization reversal front abruptly changes shape with the formation of two fast-propagating lateral tips. According to experiments and analysis, we find a Gaussian-shaped space charge field and present a model based on a redistribution of the photo-excited carriers to explain the process of light-assisted domain reversal.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(160.2260) Materials : Ferroelectrics
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: October 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 14, 2011
Published: November 2, 2011

Hongde Liu, Meiling Zhu, Qirui Liang, Wei Li, Shiguo Liu, Ling Zhang, Shaolin Chen, Yongfa Kong, and Jingjun Xu, "In situ observation of light-assisted domain reversal in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Mater. Express 1, 1433-1438 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.77(23), 3719–3721 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. N. G. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, “Hexagonally poled lithium niobate: A two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(19), 4345–4348 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Fujimura, T. Sohmura, and T. Suhara, “Fabrication of domain-inverted gratings in MgO:LiNbO3 by applying voltage under ultraviolet irradiation through photomask at room temperature,” Electron. Lett.39(9), 719–721 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. C. L. Sones, M. C. Wengler, C. E. Valdivia, S. Mailis, R. W. Eason, and K. Buse, “Light-induced order of magnitude decrease in the electric field for domain nucleation in MgO-doped lithium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(21), 212901 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Steigerwald, F. Luedtke, and K. Buse, “Ultraviolet light assisted periodic poling of near-stoichiometric, magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(3), 032906 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Zhi, D. Liu, W. Qu, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, “Wavelength dependence of light-induced domain nucleation in MgO-doped congruent LiNbO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(4), 042904 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. J. Ying, C. E. Valdivia, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, and S. Mailis, “Latent light-assisted poling of LiNbO3.,” Opt. Express17(21), 18681–18692 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Y. Ying, C. L. Sones, A. C. Peacock, F. Johann, E. Soergel, R. W. Eason, M. N. Zervas, and S. Mailis, “Ultra-smooth lithium niobate photonic micro-structures by surface tension reshaping,” Opt. Express18(11), 11508–11513 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. L. Sones, P. Ganguly, Y. J. Ying, F. Johann, E. Soergel, R. W. Eason, and S. Mailis, “Spectral and electro-optic response of UV-written waveguides in LiNbO3 single crystals,” Opt. Express17(26), 23755–23764 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. C. Wengler, U. Heinemeyer, E. Soergel, and K. Buse, “Ultraviolet light-assisted domain inversion in magnesium doped lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.98(6), 064104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Steigerwald, F. Cube, F. Luedtke, V. Dierolf, and K. Buse, “Influence of heat and UV light on the coercive field of lithium niobate crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(3), 535–539 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Grilli, P. Ferraro, M. Paturzo, D. Alfieri, P. De Natale, M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini, “In-situ visualization, monitoring and analysis of electric field domain reversal process in ferroelectric crystals by digital holography,” Opt. Express12(9), 1832–1842 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Paturzo, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, D. Alfieri, P. De Natale, M. de Angelis, A. Finizio, S. De Nicola, G. Pierattini, F. Caccavale, D. Callejo, and A. Morbiato, “On the origin of internal field in lithium niobate crystals directly observed by digital holography,” Opt. Express13(14), 5416–5423 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Paturzo, F. Merola, and P. Ferraro, “Multi-imaging capabilities of a 2D diffraction grating in combination with digital holography,” Opt. Lett.35(7), 1010–1012 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. Y. Shur, “Kinetics of ferroelectric domains: Application of general approach to LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” J. Mater. Sci.41(1), 199–210 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Dierolf and C. Sandmann, “Direct-write method for domain inversion patterns in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(20), 3987–3989 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. R. C. Miller and G. Weinreich, “Mechanism for the sidewise motion of 180° domain walls in barium titanate,” Phys. Rev.117(6), 1460–1466 (1960). [CrossRef]
  19. C. Sandmann and V. Dierolf, “The role of defects in light induced domain inversion in lithium niobate,” Phys. Status Solidi C2(1), 136–140 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. W. J. Wang, Y. F. Kong, H. D. Liu, Q. Hu, S. G. Liu, S. L. Chen, and J. J. Xu, “Light-induced domain reversal in doped lithium niobate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(4), 043105 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited