OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 1359–1366

Small core Ge-As-Se microstructured optical fiber with single-mode propagation and low optical losses

Perrine Toupin, Laurent Brilland, Johann Trolès, and Jean-Luc Adam  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 2, Issue 10, pp. 1359-1366 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.2.001359


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1131 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Effects of multiple drawing operations on As38Se62 and Ge10As22Se68 chalcogenide microstructured optical fibers (MOF) are investigated. Fabrication of small-core single-mode chalcogenide MOF’s with 3 rings of holes necessitates a two-step drawing operation which may conduct to additional optical losses, as compared to single-step processes. Thus, glasses with high stability against crystallization are required. With this respect, Ge10As22Se68 single-mode microstructured optical were obtained with optical losses equal to 1 dB/m at 1.55 µm and lower than 1 dB/m at 3.0µm. Core diameter is as small as 4-6 µm.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials

ToC Category:
Materials for Fiber Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 14, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 2, 2012
Published: September 6, 2012

Citation
Perrine Toupin, Laurent Brilland, Johann Trolès, and Jean-Luc Adam, "Small core Ge-As-Se microstructured optical fiber with single-mode propagation and low optical losses," Opt. Mater. Express 2, 1359-1366 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-2-10-1359


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Savage and S. Nielsen, “Chalcogenide glasses transmitting in the infrared between 1 and 20 μ — a state of the art review,” Infrared Phys.5(4), 195–204 (1965). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, F. W. Wise, and B. G. Aitken, “Highly Nonlinear Ge-As-Se and Ge-As-S-Se Glasses for All-Optical Switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 822–824 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Plédel, A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, B. Bureau, P. A. Van Nijnatten, W. L. M. Gielesen, J. Pereira do Carmo, and J. Lucas, “Infrared single mode chalcogenide glass fiber for space,” Opt. Express15(19), 12529–12538 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. Fu, M. Rochette, V. Ta’eed, D. Moss, and B. Eggleton, “Investigation of self-phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber,” Opt. Express13(19), 7637–7644 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. El-Amraoui, J. Fatome, J. C. Jules, B. Kibler, G. Gadret, C. Fortier, F. Smektala, I. Skripatchev, C. F. Polacchini, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, M. Szpulak, and G. Renversez, “Strong infrared spectral broadening in low-loss As-S chalcogenide suspended core microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(5), 4547–4556 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Nonlinear properties of chalcogenide glass fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.8(6), 2148–2155 (2006).
  7. D.-I. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, M. A. F. Roelens, L. Fu, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear chalcogenide nanowires,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 660–662 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. A. Thielen, L. B. Shaw, P. C. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Small-core As-Se fiber for Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett.28(16), 1406–1408 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Duhant, W. Renard, G. Canat, T. N. Nguyen, F. Smektala, J. Troles, Q. Coulombier, P. Toupin, L. Brilland, P. Bourdon, and G. Renversez, “Fourth-order cascaded Raman shift in AsSe chalcogenide suspended-core fiber pumped at 2 μm,” Opt. Lett.36(15), 2859–2861 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Tuniz, G. Brawley, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, “Two-photon absorption effects on Raman gain in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber,” Opt. Express16(22), 18524–18534 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. P. Kulkarni, C. Xia, D. J. Lee, M. Kumar, A. Kuditcher, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, B. G. Aitken, S. C. Currie, J. E. McCarthy, M. L. Powley, and D. A. Nolan, “Third order cascaded Raman wavelength shifting in chalcogenide fibers and determination of Raman gain coefficient,” Opt. Express14(17), 7924–7930 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21(6), 1146–1155 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Chalcogenide glass fiber with a core-cladding structure,” Appl. Opt.28(23), 5122–5127 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21(19), 1547–1549 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. Feng, A. K. Mairaj, D. W. Hewak, and T. M. Monro, “Nonsilica Glasses for Holey Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(6), 2046–2054 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett.36(24), 1998–2000 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. L. Brilland, F. Smektala, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, J. Troles, T. Nguyen, N. Traynor, and A. Monteville, “Fabrication of complex structures of Holey Fibers in Chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express14(3), 1280–1285 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Le Person, F. Smektala, T. Chartier, L. Brilland, T. Jouan, J. Troles, and D. Bosc, “Light guidance in new chalcogenide holey fibres from GeGaSbS glass,” Mater. Res. Bull.41(7), 1303–1309 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. F. Désévédavy, G. Renversez, L. Brilland, P. Houizot, J. Troles, Q. Coulombier, F. Smektala, N. Traynor, and J.-L. Adam, “Small-core chalcogenide microstructured fibers for the infrared,” Appl. Opt.47(32), 6014–6021 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Houizot, F. Desevedavy, Q. Coulombier, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, T. N. Nguyen, J.-L. Adam, and N. Traynor, “Interfaces impact on the transmission of chalcogenides photonic crystal fibres,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.116(1358), 1024–1027 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. Q. Coulombier, L. Brilland, P. Houizot, T. Chartier, T. N. N’guyen, F. Smektala, G. Renversez, A. Monteville, D. Méchin, T. Pain, H. Orain, J.-C. Sangleboeuf, and J. Trolès, “Casting method for producing low-loss chalcogenide microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(9), 9107–9112 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. D. Le, D. M. Nguyen, M. Thual, L. Bramerie, M. Costa e Silva, K. Lenglé, M. Gay, T. Chartier, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, P. Toupin, and J. Troles, “Efficient four-wave mixing in an ultra-highly nonlinear suspended-core chalcogenide As38Se62 fiber,” Opt. Express19(26), B653–B660 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. D. Nguyen, S. D. Le, L. Brilland, Q. Coulombier, J. Troles, D. Méchin, T. Chartier, and M. Thual, “Demonstration of a low loss and ultra highly nonlinear AsSe suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” in ECOC (Torino, 2010), pp. 1–3.
  24. D. Lezal, J. Pedlikova, J. Gurovic, and R. Vogt, “The preparation of chalcogenide glasses in chlorine reactive atmosphere,” Ceramics-Silikàty40(2), 55–59 (1996).
  25. W. A. King, A. G. Clare, and W. C. Lacourse, “Laboratory preparation of highly pure As2Se3 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids181(3), 231–237 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. I. D. Aggarwal, P. C. Pureza, F. H. Kung, J. S. Sanghera, and V. Q. Nguyen, “Very large temperature-induced absorptive loss in high Te-containing chalcogenide fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(10), 1395–1401 (2000). [CrossRef]
  27. V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, P. C. Pureza, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Effect of heating on the optical loss in the As-Se glass fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(1), 122–126 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, F. H. Kung, I. D. Aggarwal, and I. K. Lloyd, “Effect of temperature on the absorption loss of chalcogenide glass fibers,” Appl. Opt.38(15), 3206–3213 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, and M. F. Churbanov, “High-Purity Chalcogenide Glasses for Fiber Optics,” Inorg. Mater.45(13), 1439–1460 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. A. Prasad, C.-J. Zha, R.-P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express16(4), 2804–2815 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. D. Le and D. M. Nguyen, “42.7 Gbit/s RZ-33% Wavelength Conversion in a Chalcogenide Microstructured Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh4H.4.
  32. T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, “Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(10), 2322–2330 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. B. T. Kuhlmey, T. P. White, G. Renversez, D. Maystre, L. C. Botten, C. M. de Sterke, and R. C. McPhedran, “Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. II. Implementation and results,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(10), 2331–2340 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited