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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 740–748

Blue-green luminescent silicon nanocrystals fabricated by nanosecond pulsed laser ablation in dimethyl sulfoxide

N. Mansour, A. Momeni, R. Karimzadeh, and M. Amini  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 740-748 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.2.000740


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Abstract

In this work, stable blue-green luminescent colloidal silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) are fabricated by nanosecond pulsed laser ablation of a silicon target in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis have shown the formation of spherical silicon nanocrystals in the colloid with size range of 2-5 nm. Our results show that the DMSO stabilizes the silicon nanocrystals via oxide formations on the nanocrytals surfaces by a simple route of laser ablation and a schematic representation of the process is suggested. The colloid exhibits strong blue luminescent emissions in the spectral range of 455-465 nm when excited at wavelengths near the direct band gap of the silicon nanocrystal. The luminescent emission band shifts to longer wavelengths (green light) if the excitation wavelength increases toward the indirect band gap of the SiNCs. The oxidized SiNCs with quantum confinement effects are shown to be responsible for visible photoluminescence of the colloid. The observed blue-green emission of the colloid makes it a good candidate for display, solid-state lighting and biological luminescent based devices.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Fluorescent and Luminescent Materials

History
Original Manuscript: April 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 30, 2012
Published: May 2, 2012

Citation
N. Mansour, A. Momeni, R. Karimzadeh, and M. Amini, "Blue-green luminescent silicon nanocrystals fabricated by nanosecond pulsed laser ablation in dimethyl sulfoxide," Opt. Mater. Express 2, 740-748 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-2-6-740


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