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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 825–838

Saturable absorption of multi-walled carbon nanotubes/hybrid-glass composites

Mariana Pokrass, Zeev Burshtein, Raz Gvishi, and Menachem Nathan  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 825-838 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.2.000825


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Abstract

The saturated optical absorption of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT)-doped hybrid-glass composites was studied at 1064 nm with nanosecond long pulses using the Z-scan technique. Increased transmission was demonstrated for high intensity pulses. The results were modeled for the limiting cases of a slow or a fast saturable absorber, both referring to a three-level system. The ground-state absorption cross section was estimated as 2.3x10−18 cm2, in good agreement with that of a single carbon atom. The excited state absorption cross section for carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was estimated for the first time as 6.9x10−19 cm3. The absorber's density of 2.8x1018 cm−3 is smaller by approximately a factor of 5 compared to the nominal density of carbon atoms incorporated into the glass. This could be a result of the broad band-like states formation in the MWNTs. The above figures were obtained by assuming that the excited state decay time was longer than the pulse duration of ~1 ns.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.6060) Materials : Solgel

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optical Materials

History
Original Manuscript: March 14, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 5, 2012
Published: May 22, 2012

Virtual Issues
Nanocarbon for Photonics and Optoelectronics (2012) Optical Materials Express

Citation
Mariana Pokrass, Zeev Burshtein, Raz Gvishi, and Menachem Nathan, "Saturable absorption of multi-walled carbon nanotubes/hybrid-glass composites," Opt. Mater. Express 2, 825-838 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-2-6-825


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