OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 849–855

Formation speed and formation mechanism of self-written surface wave-based waveguides in photorefractive polymers

Takashi Fujihara, Shinsuke Umegaki, Masahiko Hara, and Takafumi Sassa  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 849-855 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.2.000849


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1132 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The formation speed of a self-written waveguide structure formed owing to the propagation of surface waves in a photorefractive polymer composite is measured. The formation speed linearly increases with the power of a laser beam. From the measurements of the dynamics of photorefractive grating and the photocurrent output of the polymer, it is revealed that the waveguide structure is formed by a single photorefractive grating, which is identical for the different power levels of the injected pump beam.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(190.5940) Nonlinear optics : Self-action effects
(190.7070) Nonlinear optics : Two-wave mixing

ToC Category:
Photorefractive Materials

History
Original Manuscript: March 8, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 20, 2012
Published: May 23, 2012

Citation
Takashi Fujihara, Shinsuke Umegaki, Masahiko Hara, and Takafumi Sassa, "Formation speed and formation mechanism of self-written surface wave-based waveguides in photorefractive polymers," Opt. Mater. Express 2, 849-855 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-2-6-849


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Z. Chen, M. Asaro, O. Ostroverkhova, W. E. Moerner, M. He, and R. J. Twieg, “Self-trapping of light in an organic photorefractive glass,” Opt. Lett.28(24), 2509–2511 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Asaro, M. Sheldon, Z. Chen, O. Ostroverkhova, and W. E. Moerner, “Soliton-induced waveguides in an organic photorefractive glass,” Opt. Lett.30(5), 519–521 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. A. Kamshilin, E. Raita, and A. V. Khomenko, “Intensity redistribution in a thin photorefractive crystal caused by strong fanning effect and internal reflections,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B13(11), 2536–2543 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. V. Aleshkevich, Y. Kartashov, A. Egorov, and V. Vysloukh, “Stability and formation of localized surface waves at the dielectric—photorefractive crystal boundary,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.64(5), 056610 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. O. V. Lyubomudrov and V. V. Shkunov, “Self-bending specklons in photorefractive crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B11(8), 1403–1408 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. I. I. Smolyaninov, C. H. Lee, and C. C. Davis, “Giant enhancement of surface second harmonic generation in BaTiO3 due to photorefractive surface wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(12), 2429–2432 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. W. Shao, L. Li, W. Liu, T. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Xu, and J. Tian, “Tunable long-range surface plasmon polaritons taking advantage of nonlinear surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(21), 211105 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. E. Raita, A. A. Kamshilin, and T. Jaaskelainen, “Fast mutually pumped phase conjugation induced by a transient photorefractive surface wave,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15(7), 2023–2031 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Fujihara, T. Sassa, T. Muto, S. Umegaki, and T. Wada, “Surface waves in photorefractive polymer films,” Opt. Express17(16), 14150–14155 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. K. Ren, D. Y. Yang, T. H. Zhang, S. Zhang, L. Zhou, J. G. Tian, and J. J. Xu, “Polymeric photorefractive surface waves,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3792–3797 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Sassa, T. Muto, T. Wada, Y. Takeda, T. Fujihara, and S. Umegaki, “Strongly electric-field-dependent spatial properties of fanning beam in polymeric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(8), 084103 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev.104(7), 3267–3314 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Bittner and K. Meerholz, “Amorphous organic photorefractiver materials,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, P. Gunter and J.-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, New York, 2007), Vol. 2.
  14. S. Matsushima and Y. Tomita, “Experimental investigation of the relationship between photorefractive and two-beam coupling response times,” Opt. Commun.128(4-6), 287–291 (1996). [CrossRef]
  15. A. V. Khomenko, E. Nippolainen, A. A. Kamshilin, A. Zúñiga Segundo, and T. Jaaskelainen, “Leaky photorefractive surface waves in Bi12TiO20 and Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun.150(1-6), 175–179 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited