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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1660–1673

Femtosecond direct laser writing of gold nanostructures by ionic liquid assisted multiphoton photoreduction

Wei-Er Lu, Yong-Liang Zhang, Mei-Ling Zheng, Yan-Peng Jia, Jie Liu, Xian-Zi Dong, Zhen-Sheng Zhao, Chao-Bo Li, Yang Xia, Tian-Chun Ye, and Xuan-Ming Duan  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 10, pp. 1660-1673 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.3.001660


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Abstract

Amino-terminated ionic liquid assisted multiphoton photoreduction (IL-MPR) was developed for the direct writing of subwavelength gold nanostructures in AuCl4- ions aqueous solution by femtosecond laser. It was revealed that the carbon chain length was crucial for morphology and size control of gold nanostructures. A 228 nm width of gold nanostructure, which was beyond the optical diffraction limit, was fabricated by the matching between IL and the power and scanning speed of the laser beam. The measured conductivity is of the same order as that of bulk gold. Furthermore, we successfully fabricated a U-shaped terahertz planar metamaterial whose spectral response is consistent with the theoretical expectation. The IL-MPR nanofabrication protocol is expected to play an important role in the fabrication of fine metallic micro/nanostructures for applications in microelectromechanical systems, nanoelectronics and nanophotonics.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

History
Original Manuscript: May 14, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 31, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 1, 2013
Published: September 17, 2013

Citation
Wei-Er Lu, Yong-Liang Zhang, Mei-Ling Zheng, Yan-Peng Jia, Jie Liu, Xian-Zi Dong, Zhen-Sheng Zhao, Chao-Bo Li, Yang Xia, Tian-Chun Ye, and Xuan-Ming Duan, "Femtosecond direct laser writing of gold nanostructures by ionic liquid assisted multiphoton photoreduction," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1660-1673 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-3-10-1660


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