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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1755–1768

Investigation and control of ultrafast laser-induced isotropic and anisotropic nanoscale-modulated index patterns in bulk fused silica

R. Stoian, K. Mishchik, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, C. D’Amico, J. P. Colombier, and M. Zamfirescu  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 10, pp. 1755-1768 (2013)

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Ultrafast laser-induced refractive index changes in a-SiO2 consist, depending on the irradiation conditions, of either positive variations, voids, or regular nanoscale patterns, each of these underlying specific structural transformations. These allow for obtaining a large palette of optical functions ranging from low loss guiding to anisotropic scattering. While briefly reviewing the excitation mechanisms, we spectroscopically interrogate local electronic and structural transformations of the glass in the isotropic index zones and in the regular self-organized nanostructures, indicating bond breaking and matrix oxygen deficiency. A spatial defect segregation marks the material transformation in the different photoinscription regimes. We equally propose a method of real time control of nanogratings formation under the action of ultrashort laser pulse with variable envelopes. Application as polarizing optical devices is discussed.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

Original Manuscript: June 25, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 6, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2013
Published: September 27, 2013

Virtual Issues
Ultrafast Laser Modification of Materials (2013) Optical Materials Express

R. Stoian, K. Mishchik, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, C. D’Amico, J. P. Colombier, and M. Zamfirescu, "Investigation and control of ultrafast laser-induced isotropic and anisotropic nanoscale-modulated index patterns in bulk fused silica," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1755-1768 (2013)

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