OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2013
  • pp: 278–283

Continuous wave laser operation in Nd:GGG depressed tubular cladding waveguides produced by inscription of femtosecond laser pulses

Hongliang Liu, Yuechen Jia, Feng Chen, and Javier R. Vázquez de Aldana  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 2, pp. 278-283 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.3.000278


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2094 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Depressed tubular cladding waveguides have been produced in Nd:GGG crystals by using multiple inscription with femtosecond (fs) laser pulses. The guiding cores are located inside the tubular regions with cross-section diameters of 90-150 μm, which are surrounded by fs-laser induced low-refractive-index tracks. At room temperature continuous wave (cw) laser oscillations at wavelength of ~1063 nm have been realized through the optical pump at 808 nm. The slope efficiency of the cladding waveguide lasers is as high as 44.4% and the maximum output power at 1063 nm is 209 mW, which shows superior laser performance to the Type II stress induced Nd:GGG waveguides.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Laser Materials Processing

History
Original Manuscript: November 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 4, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 17, 2013
Published: January 18, 2013

Citation
Hongliang Liu, Yuechen Jia, Feng Chen, and Javier R. Vázquez de Aldana, "Continuous wave laser operation in Nd:GGG depressed tubular cladding waveguides produced by inscription of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 278-283 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-3-2-278


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics2(4), 219–225 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett.21(21), 1729–1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Burghoff, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Origins of waveguiding in femtosecond laser-structured LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.89(1), 127–132 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. Piper, and M. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm3+:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett.36(9), 1587–1589 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Mary, S. J. Beecher, G. Brown, R. R. Thomson, D. Jaque, S. Ohara, and A. K. Kar, “Compact, highly efficient ytterbium doped bismuthate glass waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett.37(10), 1691–1693 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B97(2), 251–255 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express18(15), 16035–16041 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Okhrimchuk, V. Mezentsev, A. Shestakov, and I. Bennion, “Low loss depressed cladding waveguide inscribed in YAG:Nd single crystal by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express20(4), 3832–3843 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(11), 111103 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Calmano, A. G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(3), 031119 (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express18(24), 24994–24999 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Liu, Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond laser inscribed cladding waveguides in Nd:YAG ceramics: fabrication, fluorescence imaging and laser performance,” Opt. Express20(17), 18620–18629 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Ren, G. Brown, A. Ródenas, S. Beecher, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “Mid-infrared waveguide lasers in rare-earth-doped YAG,” Opt. Lett.37(16), 3339–3341 (2012). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Jia, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient continuous-wave laser operation at 1064 nm in Nd:YVO4 cladding waveguides produced by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express20(15), 16801–16806 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL)6(7), 306–308 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+:GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth292(2), 386–390 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. F. Chen, “Micro-and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photonics Rev.6(5), 622–640 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, D. P. Shepherd, A. C. Tropper, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, and L. Zhang, “Ion-implanted Nd:GGG channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett.17(1), 52–54 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Yao, N. Dong, F. Chen, S. K. Vanga, and A. A. Bettiol, “Proton beam writing of Nd:GGG crystals as new waveguide laser sources,” Opt. Lett.36(21), 4173–4175 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. Zhang, N. N. Dong, J. Yang, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and Q. M. Lu, “Channel waveguide lasers in Nd:GGG crystals fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express19(13), 12503–12508 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. Marangoni, “Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.73(3), 1117–1120 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited