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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2013
  • pp: 584–597

Highly-photostable and mechanically flexible all-organic semiconductor lasers

C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 5, pp. 584-597 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.3.000584


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Abstract

Two formats of all-organic distributed-feedback lasers with improved photostability, respectively called nanocomposite and encapsulated lasers, are reported. These lasers are compatible with mechanically-flexible platforms and were entirely fabricated using soft-lithography and spin-coating techniques. The gain elements in both types of lasers were monodisperse π-conjugated star-shaped macromolecules (oligofluorene truxene, T3). In the nanocomposites lasers, these elements were incorporated into a transparent polyimide matrix, while in the encapsulated devices a neat layer of T3 was overcoated with Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The T3-nanocomposite devices demonstrated a 1/e degradation energy dosage up to ~27.0 ± 6.5 J/cm2 with a threshold fluence of 115 ± 10 µJ/cm2. This represents a 3-fold improvement in operation lifetime under ambient conditions compared to the equivalent laser made with neat organic films, albeit with a 1.6-time increase in threshold. The PVA-encapsulated lasers showed the best overall performance: a 40-time improvement in the operation lifetime and crucially no-trade-off on the threshold, with respectively a degradation energy dosage of ~280 ± 20 J/cm2 and a threshold fluence of 36 ± 8 µJ/cm2.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials

ToC Category:
Laser Materials

History
Original Manuscript: March 4, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 2, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 2, 2013
Published: April 10, 2013

Citation
C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, "Highly-photostable and mechanically flexible all-organic semiconductor lasers," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 584-597 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-3-5-584


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