OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2013
  • pp: 868–874

Site-selective excitation and emission of Eu3+-doped transparent glass ceramic containing Ca5(PO4)3F nanocrystals

S. N. Zhang, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 6, pp. 868-874 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1104 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing Ca5(PO4)3F nanocrystals was prepared by melt quenching and subsequent thermal treatment. The transmittance of the glass ceramic with a thickness of 1.92 mm is up to 80.5% in the visible range at room temperature. Site-selective excitation and emission spectra indicate that Eu3+ ions in the Ca5(PO4)3F nanocrystals occupy two types of sites, A and B, with a same point symmetry Cs. As for Eu3+ ions at site A, the crystal field is more deformed and stronger. The crystal field may appear in the form of a ligand ion F- being replaced by O2- in accordance with the charge compensation scheme: Ca2+ + F-→Eu3+ + O2-. As for Eu3+ ions at site B, the possible charge compensation scheme is 3Ca2+→2Eu3+ + Vacancy. Furthermore, an energy transfer process from Eu3+ ions at site A to that at site B in the glass ceramic at low temperature was also discussed.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:
Rare-Earth-Doped Materials

Original Manuscript: March 12, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 13, 2013
Published: May 24, 2013

Virtual Issues
Optical Ceramics (2013) Optical Materials Express

S. N. Zhang, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, "Site-selective excitation and emission of Eu3+-doped transparent glass ceramic containing Ca5(PO4)3F nanocrystals," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 868-874 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. X. X. Zhang, G. B. Loutts, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, “Growth of laser-quality single crystals of Nd3+-doped calcium fluorapatite and their efficient lasing performance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(1), 10–12 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. DeLoach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, “Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluorapatite,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 170–179 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Hopkins, D. Damon, P. Piotrowski, M. Walker, and J. Uphoff, “Thermal properties of synthetic fluorapatite crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.42(1), 272–275 (1971). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, U. Rodriguez-Mendoza, A. Delgado-Torres, and P. Nunez, “Optical properties of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics comparing different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys.95(10), 5271–5279 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, F. Liu, and R. Li, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent glass ceramic embedding β-YF3 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys.102, 504–506 (2007).
  6. R. Quimby, P. Tick, N. Borrelli, and L. Cornelius, “Quantum efficiency of Pr3+ doped transparent glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys.83(3), 1649–1651 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Méndez-Ramos, M. Abril, I. Martin, U. Rodriguez-Mendoza, V. Lavin, V. Rodriguez, P. Nunez, and A. Lozano-Gorrín, “Ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence in Nd-doped oxyfluoride glasses and glass ceramics obtained by different preparation methods,” J. Appl. Phys.99(11), 113510 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. S. N. Zhang, J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Preparation and spectral properties of Nd3+-doped transparent glass ceramic containing Ca5(PO4)3F nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids358(20), 2835–2840 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. U. Kang, T. Chuvaeva, A. Onushchenko, A. Shashkin, A. Zhilin, H. J. Kim, and Y. G. Chang, “Radiative properties of Nd-doped transparent glass-ceramics in the lithium aluminosilicate system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids278(1-3), 75–84 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. J. B. Gruber, C. A. Morrison, M. D. Seltzer, A. O. Wright, M. P. Nadler, T. H. Allik, J. A. Hutchinson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Site-selective excitation and polarized absorption spectra of Nd3+ in Sr5(PO4)3F and Ca5(PO4)3F,” J. Appl. Phys.79(3), 1746–1758 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A202(13), 2565–2573 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 139–174 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Biju, D. B. A. Raj, M. L. Reddy, and B. M. Kariuki, “Synthesis, crystal structure, and luminescent properties of novel Eu3+ heterocyclic beta-diketonate complexes with bidentate nitrogen donors,” Inorg. Chem.45(26), 10651–10660 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Huignard, V. Buissette, A. C. Franville, T. Gacoin, and J. P. Boilot, “Emission processes in YVO4:Eu nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(28), 6754–6759 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. K. Voronko, G. V. Maksimova, and A. A. Sobol, “Anisotropic luminescence centers of TR+3 ions on fluoroapatite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc.70, 203–206 (1991).
  16. M. Karbowiaka and S. Huberta, “Site-selective emission spectra of Eu:Ca5(PO4)3F crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.30, 287–293 (2000).
  17. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–521 (1962). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Jagannathan and M. Kottaisamy, “Eu3+ luminescence: a spectral probe in M5(PO4)3X apatites (M=Ca or Sr; X=F-, Cl-, Br- or OH-),” J. Phys. Condens. Matter7(44), 8453–8466 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. W. F. Krupke, “Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals,” Phys. Rev.145(1), 325–337 (1966). [CrossRef]
  21. X. Y. Chen and G. K. Liu, “The standard and anomalous crystal-field spectra of Eu3+,” J. Solid State Chem.178(2), 419–428 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Piriou, D. Fahmi, J. Dexpert-Ghys, A. Taitai, and J. L. Lacout, “Unusual fluorescent properties of Eu3+ in oxyapatites,” J. Lumin.39(2), 97–103 (1987). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited