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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1152–1160

Thermo-spectral study of all-polymer multilayer lasers

James H. Andrews, Michael Aviles, Michael Crescimanno, Nathan J. Dawson, Anthony Mazzocco, Joshua B. Petrus, Kenneth D. Singer, Eric Baer, and Hyunmin Song  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 8, pp. 1152-1160 (2013)

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We investigate the temperature dependence of the emission wavelength and reflection band of polymer Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) and defect Distributed FeedBack (DFB) lasers fabricated using a coextrusion melt-process. We show the measured spectral shifts are a direct consequence of the optical path modifications associated with layer expansion and thermo-optic coefficients. By varying the choice of polymer bilayers and sandwiching the DBR laser films between glass coverslips, we fabricated DBR lasers that are either readily tunable up to 0.36nm/°C or made thermally stable at 0.035nm/°C.

© 2013 osa

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(160.6840) Materials : Thermo-optical materials
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials

ToC Category:
Organics and Polymers

Original Manuscript: April 15, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 10, 2013
Published: July 24, 2013

James H. Andrews, Michael Aviles, Michael Crescimanno, Nathan J. Dawson, Anthony Mazzocco, Joshua B. Petrus, Kenneth D. Singer, Eric Baer, and Hyunmin Song, "Thermo-spectral study of all-polymer multilayer lasers," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1152-1160 (2013)

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  1. H. Song, K. D. Singer, J. Lott, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, J. H. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “Continuous melt processing of all-polymer distributed feedback lasers,” J. Mater. Chem.19, 7520–7524 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kazmierczak, H. Song, A. Hiltner, and E. Baer, “Polymeric one-dimensional photonic crystals by continuous coextrusion,” Macromol. Rapid Commun.28, 2010–2016 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Song, “Melt-processable polymeric photonic crystals and their applications as nano-layered laser films,” Ph.D. thesis, Case Western Reserve University (2012).
  4. G. Mao, J. Andrews, M. Crescimanno, K. D. Singer, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, H. Song, and B. Shakya, “Co-extruded mechanically tunable multilayer elastomer laser,” Opt. Mater. Express1, 108–114 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Andrews, M. Crescimanno, N. J. Dawson, G. Mao, J. B. Petrus, K. D. Singer, E. Baer, and H. Song, “Folding flexible co-extruded all-polymer multilayer distributed feedback films to control lasing,” Opt. Express20, 15580–15588 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. D. Singer, T. Kazmierczak, J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “Melt-processed all-polymer distributed Bragg reflector laser,” Opt. Express16, 10358–10363 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. D. Singer, T. Kazmierczak, J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “Toward roll-to-roll production of polymer microresonator lasers,” Opt. Photonics News19, 28–28 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Zhou, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, C. Weder, and K. D. Singer, “Coextruded multilayer all-polymer dye lasers,” in ACS Symposium Series: Organic Thin Films for Photonic Applications, W. Herman, S. R. Flom, and S. H. Foulger, eds. (American Chemical Society, 2010), pp. 171–184. [CrossRef]
  9. J. Zhou, K. D. Singer, J. Lott, H. Song, Y. Wu, J. Andrews, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, and C. Weder, “All-polymer distributed feedback and distributed Bragg-reflector lasers produced by roll-to-roll layer-multiplying co-extrusion,” Nonlinear Opt. Quant. Opt.41, 59–71 (2010).
  10. N. Dawson, K. D. Singer, J. H. Andrews, M. Crescimanno, G. Mao, J. Petrus, H. Song, and E. Baer, “Post-process tunability of folded one-dimensional all-polymer photonic crystal microcavity lasers,” Nonlin. Opt. Quant. Opt.45, 101–111 (2012).
  11. D. M. Dattelbaum, S. A. Sheffield, D. Stahl, M. Weinberg, and C. Neel, “Equation of state and high pressure properties of a fluorinated terpolymer: THV 500,” J. Appl. Phys.104, 113525 (2008). [CrossRef]
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  13. J. M. Cariou, J. Dugas, L. Martin, and P. Michel, “Refractive-index variations with temperature of PMMA and polycarbonate,” Appl. Opt.25, 334–336 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  16. S.-L. Chua, Y. Chong, A. D. Stone, M. Soljac̆ić, and J. Bravo-Abad, “Low-threshold lasing action in photonic crystal slabs enabled by Fano resonances,” Opt. Express19, 1539–1562 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Crescimanno, G. Mao, J. Andrews, K. Singer, E. Baer, A. Hiltner, H. Song, K. Comeau, B. Shakya, A. Bishop, and R. Livingston, “Role of group velocity delay in Faraday rotation in a multilayer polymer lattice,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29, 1038–1047 (2012). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Yoon, W. Lee, J.-M. Caruge, M. Bawendi, E. L. Thomas, S. Kooi, and P. N. Prasad, “Defect-mode mirrorless lasing in dye-doped organic/inorganic hybrid one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 091102 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.58, 2059–2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Donor and acceptor modes in photonic band structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.67, 3380–3383 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. A. A. Pettersson, L. S. Roman, and O. Inganas, “Modeling photocurrent action spectra of photovoltaic devices based on organic thin films,” J. Appl. Phys.86, 487–496 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Wu, K. D. Singer, R. G. Petschek, H. Song, E. Baer, and A. Hiltner, “Mode delocalization in 1D photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express17, 18038–18043 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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