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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David J. Hagan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1176–1186

Spectroscopic analysis of efficient laser material Ho3+:YVO4

Zackery D. Fleischman, Larry D. Merkle, G. Alex Newburgh, and Mark Dubinskii  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 8, pp. 1176-1186 (2013)

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The spectroscopic properties of Ho3+-doped YVO4 were studied at cryogenic temperatures in the 2 µm spectral region to clarify recent observations of efficient dual-wavelength laser operation in this material. Energy levels of the 5I7 and 5I8 manifolds were determined from low-temperature absorption and fluorescence measurements. Polarized absorption cross sections were measured, and stimulated emission cross sections were determined using the reciprocity method coupled with Füchtbauer-Ladenburg calculations. The observed laser emission wavelengths were at 2054.2 nm and 2068.5 nm. At 80 K, radiative lifetimes for the 5I7 manifold were calculated to be 3.6 ms, and fluorescence lifetimes were measured to be 2.9 ms, indicating a quantum efficiency of ~80%. Analysis of the gain cross section at 80 K and 100 K showed that the laser output wavelength is very susceptible to minor changes in temperature.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

ToC Category:
Laser Materials

Original Manuscript: May 2, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 16, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 16, 2013
Published: July 29, 2013

Zackery D. Fleischman, Larry D. Merkle, G. Alex Newburgh, and Mark Dubinskii, "Spectroscopic analysis of efficient laser material Ho3+:YVO4," Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1176-1186 (2013)

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