OSA's Digital Library

Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David Hagan
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1104–1111

Mid-infrared emission in Dy:YAlO3 crystal

Yan Wang, Jianfu Li, Zhaojie Zhu, Zhenyu You, Jinlong Xu, and Chaoyang Tu  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 4, Issue 6, pp. 1104-1111 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.4.001104


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2065 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this work, we report on the spectroscopic properties of Dy3+ doped YAlO3 crystal grown by Czochralski technique. The Judd-Ofelt theory was performed based on the measured polarized absorption spectra. Under optical pumping at 1300 nm, Dy:YAP crystal exhibited a broad MIR emission centered at 3020 nm, with a bandwidth of 520 nm at full width half maximum. The decay lifetime of the 6H13/2 level was measured to be 8.88 ms, and the corresponding quantum efficiency evaluated was 57.9%. The studied optical gain properties indicate that Dy:YAlO3 crystal could be a potential candidate for solid-state mid-infrared laser applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:
Laser Materials

History
Original Manuscript: March 13, 2014
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: April 28, 2014
Published: May 2, 2014

Citation
Yan Wang, Jianfu Li, Zhaojie Zhu, Zhenyu You, Jinlong Xu, and Chaoyang Tu, "Mid-infrared emission in Dy:YAlO3 crystal," Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1104-1111 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-4-6-1104


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. L. Xu, and C. Y. Tu, “Activation effect of Ho3+ at 2.84 μm MIR luminescence by Yb3+ ions in GGG crystal,” Opt. Lett.38(20), 3988–3990 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys.89, 262–351 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. J. Zhu, J. F. Li, Z. Y. You, Y. Wang, S. Z. Lv, E. Ma, J. L. Xu, H. Y. Wang, and C. Y. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett.37(23), 4838–4840 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. E. Doroshenko, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, D. V. Badikov, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, and J. Šulc, “Oscillation properties of dysprosium-doped lead thiogallate crystal,” Opt. Lett.34(5), 590–592 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, and P. G. Schunemann, “Room-temperature laser action at 4.34.4 µm in CaGa2S4:Dy3+,” Opt. Lett.24(17), 1215–1217 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Djeu, V. E. Hartwell, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. V. Butashin, “Room-temperature 3.4- µm Dy:BaYb2F8 laser,” Opt. Lett.22(13), 997–999 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Laser emission at 3µm from Dy3+ in BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.23(2), 96–98 (1973). [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. Mak and B. M. Antipenko, “Rare-earth converters of neodymium laser radiation,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.37(6), 1458–1471 (1982). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. H. Tsang, A. E. El-Taher, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Efficient 2.96 microm dysprosium-doped fluoride fibre laser pumped with a Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.3 µm,” Opt. Express14(2), 678–685 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Kramer, H. U. Güdel, and R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state dynamics in the low-phonon materials Er3+:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9,” OSA TOPS on Advanced Solid-State Lasers1, 493–497 (1996).
  11. A. G. Okhrimchuk, “Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped crystals for mid-IR lasers,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA/ CLEO/QELS), CTuKK3, (2008).
  12. J. Y. Chen, G. J. Zhao, D. H. Cao, Q. Dong, Y. T. Ding, and S. M. Zhou, “Computer simulation of intrinsic defects in YAlO3 single crystal,” Physica B404(20), 3405–3409 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. H. G. Yang, Z. W. Dai, and Z. W. Sun, “Upconversion luminescence and kinetics in Er3+:YAlO3 under 652.2 nm excitation,” J. Lumin.124(2), 207–212 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432 nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun.283(14), 2881–2884 (2010). [CrossRef]
  15. X. H. Zeng, G. J. Zhao, X. D. Xu, H. J. Li, J. Xu, Z. W. Zhao, X. M. He, H. Y. Pang, M. Y. Jie, and C. F. Yan, “Comparison of spectroscopic parameters of 15 at% Yb: YAlO3 and 15 at% Yb: Y3Al5O12,” J. Cryst. Growth274(1–2), 106–112 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. D. K. Sardar, S. Chandrasekharan, K. L. Nash, and J. B. Gruber, “Optical intensity analyses of Er3+: YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys.104(2), 023102 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. L. Lu, Y. B. Dai, Y. Yang, J. Wang, A. P. Dong, and B. D. Sun, “Anisotropy of thermal and spectral characteristics in Tm: YAP laser crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp.453(1–2), 482–486 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, X. T. Yang, T. H. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Judd-Oflet analysis of spectrum and laser performance of Ho:YAP crystal end-pumped by 1.91-μm Tm:YLF laser,” Chinese Phys. B18(3), 1009–1013 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. G. S. Ramaraju, J. Y. Park, H. C. Jung, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “White light emission from Dy3+: RAlO3 (R=Y or Gd) nanophosphors by solvothermal process,” Optoelectron Adv. Mater.-Rapid Comm.3(1), 29–32 (2009).
  20. T. Li, G. J. Zhao, X. M. He, J. Xu, and S. K. Pan, “Study on the color change of YAP crystals,” Chinese J. Synthetic Crystals31(5), 456–459 (2002).
  21. Y. Wang, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, Z. J. Zhu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ion in GGG laser crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075402 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev.127(3), 750–761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  23. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys.37(3), 511–520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, G. H. Jia, Z. Y. You, F. G. Yang, Y. P. Wei, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, X. A. Lu, and C. Y. Tu, “Optical properties of Dy3+ ions in sodium gadolinium tungstates crystal,” J. Lumin.126(2), 452–458 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys.49(10), 4424–4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  26. M. J. Weber, B. H. Matsinger, V. L. Donlan, and G. T. Surratt, “Optical transition probabilities for trivalent holmium in LaF3 and YAlO3,” J. Chem. Phys.57(1), 562–567 (1972). [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Wang, J. F. Li, C. Y. Tu, Z. Y. You, Z. J. Zhu, and B. C. Wu, “Crystal growth and spectral analysis of Dy3+ and Er3+ doped KPb2Cl5 as a mid-infrared laser crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol.42(11), 1063–1067 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. Z. D. Luo, X. Y. Chen, and T. J. Zhao, “Judd–Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements,” Opt. Commun.134(1-6), 415–422 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. U. Hommericha, E. Nyeina, J. A. Freemana, P. Amedzakea, S. B. Trivedib, and J. M. Zavadac, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Dy-doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5),” J. Cryst. Growth287(2), 230–233 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. J. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, “Optical properties of Dy3+- and Nd3+-doped KPb2Cl5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B18(3), 264–276 (2001). [CrossRef]
  31. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, “Spectroscopic data for infrared transitions in CaGa2S4:Dy3+ and KPb2C15:Dy3+,” OSA TOPS in Advanced Solid State Lasers19, 524–528 (1998).
  32. M. G. Brik, T. Ishii, A. M. Tkachuk, S. E. Ivanova, and I. K. Razumova, “Calculations of the transitions intensities in the optical spectra of Dy3+:LiYF4,” J. Alloy. Comp.374(1–2), 63–68 (2004). [CrossRef]
  33. C. K. Jayasankar and E. Rukmini, “Spectroscopic investigations of Dy3+ ions in borosulphate glasses,” Physica B240(3), 273–288 (1997). [CrossRef]
  34. Q. Dong, G. J. Zhaoa, D. H. Cao, J. Y. Chen, and Y. C. Ding, “Growth and anisotropic spectral properties of Er:YAlO3 crystal,” J. Alloy. Comp.493(1-2), 661–665 (2010). [CrossRef]
  35. M. J. Weber, “Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B8(1), 54–64 (1973). [CrossRef]
  36. P. X. Zhang, Y. Hang, and L. H. Zhang, “Deactivation effects of the lowest excited state of Ho3+ at 2.9 μm emission introduced by Pr3+ ions in LiLuF4 crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(24), 5241–5243 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited